How Free Were Free Blacks in the North?
By Dika Obiegbu
Between the years of 1800 to 1860 blacks in
the North weren’t as free as they were promised. By the 1800 most Northern
blacks were free from slavery and were no longer owned as property. How free
were the free blacks in North? In today’s society being free or having freedom
means to determine action without restraints. There are three type of freedom
that will show you how blacks in the North had freedom between the years of
1800 to 1860.
During the years of 1800 to 1860 blacks in
the North struggle with political freedom. In Document A the table shows that
five northern states allowed black males to vote, six northern states didn’t
allow black males to vote, and five northern states restricted black males from
voting. Blacks in the North were given the rights to vote but almost half of
the North states didn’t let blacks vote. Only Massachusetts was the only state
that gave blacks full political rights because they were able to vote and
attend jury duties.
Blacks in the North had many economic freedom
but limited by segregation. In Document C it says “Shall I be a Mechanic? No
one will employ me; white boys won’t work with me.” The African American boy
does not know what to do with his life because no one will employ him because
he was a black boy. This shows that there weren’t a lot of successful black
people in the North.
Similar to economic freedom blacks in the
North had many education freedom but limited by segregation. In Document C it
says “Why should I strive hard and acquire all the constituents of a man if the
prevailing genius of the land admit me not as such or but in an inferior
degree.” This tells us that the whites made the blacks fell weak. It also tells
us should blacks strive hard if they won’t get recognized.
In conclusion, the blacks were not free enough.
Between the years of 1800 to 1860 the North and the South treated blacks bad
politically, economically, and educationally. In this period of time blacks
were not socially accepted in the world yet. Even today blacks are struggling
with freedom. In your society are you treated right or are you treated poorly
like the blacks in the North in 1800 to 1860