Dear Sir,This letter is written with the purpose of improvingthe current education system even though progress has been made in the lastfive years regarding the education sector, but there still much work that hasto be done as Pakistan’s education spending is still the lowest in South Asia. The report, ‘Public Financing of Education in Pakistanand Agenda for Education Budget 2016-17’, was launched by the Institute ofSocial and Policy Sciences (I-SAPS). The report talks about the disparities ata provincial level and how it is affecting the children in Pakistan. The I-SAPSexecutive director Salman Humayun said in an interview that there were issuesregarding the handling of the budget making process and insufficientallocations. He also mention that there are problems regarding accountability. Herightly mentions the problems that our nation is facing in progressing towardsa bright future in education sector but unless there is accountability from thehigher positions down to the lower ones, there is not much that can be done. Moreoverallocating resources where needed will improve the current conditions immensely.
This I-SAPS report also discusses education in allfour provinces. The enrollment rate in Punjab is 64pc at primary level and theliteracy rate for males is 71pc but for females it is 52pc.The report alsotalks about the survival rate which is 71pc until 5th grade but thetransition rate from primary to middle school is 97pc. Another shocking factwas that the number of children out of school is 13.1 million and this figureconstitutes 47pc of the total population of school going children.
Furtherlooking into the umbers the report also mentions that out of this 52pc aregirls. Sindh on the other hand has a total of 46,039 publicschools. From this 15pc are all girls school 62pc are co-ed schools. KP has a 54pc net enrollment rate at primary level.The literacy rate for females is 36pc and for males it is 72pc. This statisticjust showed how the problem of inequality is so deep rooted.
There are 12,576 public schools in Balochistan, 28pcof which are girls’ schools. Of these, 84pc are primary schools, followed by9pc middle, 6pc high and less than 1pc higher secondary schools.It is our duty as citizens of this country torecognize the problems being faced by all the provinces and together think ofsolutions which are practical enough to be implemented and not just words on paper.The I-SAPS report sheds light on the various problems that each province has toface.
This report provides us with hard facts but facts nonetheless.According to the article in The Tribune written byDr Pervaiz Tahir he discusses the 2017-18 budgets, all how the governmentsallocated Rs902.7 billion for education. The budget for education should be increased andresearch must be conducted targeting the areas where education is lacking themost i.e rural areas for example.
Another major reason is that high povertyrate causes children to work instead of go to school. Also the quality ofeducation should be increased. The difference between quality of education inprivate and government institutions is quite noticeable, as is the feesstructure. Moreover consistency inquality of education will be key to improving the education sector of Pakistan.
A temporary solution will never work for our nation. It is my humble request that you take our nation’sfuture, the children, into consideration and work towards a plan which willeffectively and efficiently improve the education sector.