David Wilmot had proposed the Wilmot Proviso in 1846, to prevent the expansion of slavery from the new land that was gained from the Mexican War. The reasoning leading up to David proposing the Proviso was because of President James Polk’s actions.
Not that not long after the war started, President James K. Polk asked Congress for the funding of $2 million as a feature of a bill to arrange the terms of peace with Mexico. Dreading the expansion of pro-slavery territory he then proposed his amendment to the bill.
It was never passed but remained one of the main causes of the Civil War. Causing massive sectional political dispute over slavery, which led to the War. The Wilmot Proviso was passed in the House but rejected in the Senate.
Southerners believed they had their equal rights in new territory. Saying that they should have the right to move their property to where they’d like, referring to their slaves. With that, they voted against the Wilmot Proviso causing it to fail. The Wilmot Proviso was just the start of the Civil War, kind of being the planted seed of sectional dispute.
This is probably the most important to the Civil war because of it being the start.The Missouri Compromise of 1820 was proposed because Missouri; a piece of land acquired from the Louisiana Purchase, wanted to enter the Union as a slave state. This idea inflicted a heated debate in Congress and throughout the Nation. Many argued if Congress had the right to even limit or spread slavery in the United States at all.
Northerners argued that Congress should be allowed to prohibit slavery, Southerners insisted for popular sovereignty. Which meant it should be up to the states to determine for themselves whether or not they should be a slave or a free state. If Missouri entered the Union as a slave states it would affect Congress’s power of balance.
Causing the South to be more powerful than the North. As a solution Congress proposed a compromise known as the Missouri Compromise of 1820. The compromise was in exchange for Missouri to enter as a slave state, the Northern territory of Maine would be admitted as a free state. Which ensured equal representation between the North and the South. The second part of the compromise banned slavery throughout the remaining territory of the Louisiana Purchase. Known as the North of latitude line 36 30. The Missouri Compromise did limit the spread of slavery but could do nothing to abolish slavery in the states that already had it. In a way it preserved the Civil War by maintaining the “status quo”.
This compromise had a slightly positive effect on the Civil War. The Missouri Compromise kept peace more than any other compromise. January of 1850, a senator named Henry clay had proposed a number amount of proposals to try and fix the sectional debates between the country during the time. The Senate turned over the engineering of the compromise to Stephen Douglas.
Douglas decided that the only way to get enough support for all the different elements in the compromise was to break it up. In the fall of 1860, the Compromise of 1850 was accomplished and turned into separate bills. There were only five bills. The first being the admission of California as a free state. The second, was about the organization if the southwest territories, New Mexico and Utah, without regard to slavery. The third, New Mexico and Texas border adjust. Knowing where it was going to start. The fourth, was about the elimination of the slave trade in the District of Columbia.
And the fifth and final bill was a tougher fugitive slave law. This being the most important to the Southerners. The people felt as if they had reached a compromise and they did for a couple of years.
But the Compromise of 1850 then soon fell apart. The Fugitive Slave Law was one of the most important causes of the Civil War. Causing the most debate between the North and South.
The Kansas Nebraska Act was proposed by Stephen Douglas in January of 1854. Douglas was trying to figure out a way to organize the territories from the former Louisiana Purchase, in some way that would subside all the debates about the future of slavery. At first, his solution was to let the people who lived there decide for themselves whether or not the state should be free or slave. Also known as ‘popular sovereignty’.
But this violated the Missouri Compromise of 1820, which stated that every bit of the Louisiana Purchase north of the 36 30 line, was said to be restricted to the spread of slavery. There were many Democratic northerners who hated and tried to fight this decision but Stephen Douglas and Franklin Pierce, who were working together, had made it a “test of their party” to respect that legislation. This then led to the northern Democratic Party breaking apart. Many former Democrats then moved into a new group known as the forming of the Republican Party. This was a break up of the Union.
This then led to the start of the Civil War. Giving the Kansas Nebraska Act a very big importance to the Civil War, but not so much a positive one.John J. Crittenden had proposed the Crittenden Compromise in 1860. He aimed it to help out the secession crisis issues of 1860-1861. Crittenden wanted to try and prevent the Civil war thinking the compromise would stop it.
The compromise ensured the lasting presence of subjugation in the slave states and tended to Southern requests concerning outlaw slaves and subjection in the District of Columbia. It proposed stretching out the Missouri Compromise line toward the west, with subjugation denied north of the 36° 30? parallel and ensured south of it. The compromise incorporated a proviso that it couldn’t be canceled or corrected. The Crittenden Compromise was unsuccessful not being any real importance to the Civil War.