CTION: 01Answer the following questions. 1: How does Oedipus come to manifestthe riddle of the Sphinx?Ans. The Sphinx riddles answer’man’ and Oedipus’ fate is consider to be connected. As a consequence ofseeking the answer for his kingdom’s plague, Oedipus go through the threelevels of the Sphinx’s riddle.
He is that child with pierced ankles, whocrawled on his four feet to escape from that shepherd. Then he is the king ofThebes, a proud adult. And finally he is the blind old man, walking with acane, who left his own kingdom.
2: How did Oedipus save Thebes before becoming the king?Ans. A Sphinx had beenterrorizing Thebes for an endless amount of time. It placed plague disease overThebes and refused to remove it until answered its riddle correctly. Manyheroes attempted to answer the riddle, but when even someone answeredincorrectly he was eaten alive.
When Oedipus answered the Sphinx riddlecorrectly, it killed itself. 3: How Oedipus might be morethan one man?Ans. The play’s centralinconsistency as potentially one of its themes has been discussed. The Thebanshave heard that Laius was killed by more than one man. In fact, Oedipus hadcommitted the murder alone. We can think of Oedipus’ various roles in the playKing/brother/father/son and consider whether the conflict might be a conflictbetween the one and the many or not in this play.4: How can youdifferentiate Oedipus Rex asprivate play or a public play?Ans. The relationship betweenpublic and private (or between oikos/polis) in the play could be seen.
If yousee the outcome of Thebes or the outcome of Oedipus has been playing by him.Oedipus who is considered as a father/son/brother or simply as the king ofThebes might force the reader to think differently.5: How might a consideration ofthe conditions of Greek theatrical performance impact upon our understanding ofOedipus Rex?Ans. The importance of theGreek theatrical conventions that would have originally been employed whenOedipus was performed as a play. If we think practically there were no electriclights, no sound recorded music, and perhaps not any props even.
This thingmight also change the interpretation of the play as well.6: How did Oedipus and Laius confront?Ans. There was a DelphicOracle about Oedipus as a king’s child that he would grow up and kill hisfather and would marry his own mother. Oedipus and his father Laius confront atthis point to initiate the fulfillment of the prophecy. 7: What proposal does Creon make about the message fromthe god, Apollo?Ans. Creon says that he must havetalk to Oedipus alone for king’s benefit and to protect his privacy in front ofChorus. So hesuggests that he and Oedipus should have go somewhere to communicate forprivate purposes but Oedipus insists that Creon should speak publicly in frontof all the chorus.
In fact Creon don’t want to ruin Oedipus privateimage as a king of Thebes in front of his people.8: What does the people of Thebes want Oedipus to do forthem?Ans. They want him to find outthe cause of the plagues and they want him to end it as soon as possible.9: What has been happening in Thebes that brings all thechorus to Oedipus’s palace?Ans. There have been a diseasecalled plagues in which the famine and women cannot reproduce any more. Therehave also been severe droughts and in the result of that nothing can grow inThebes any more. 10: What promise does Oedipus make about the informationof Laius’ murderer?Ans. If he is a foreigner,mercy will be given to him but will be greatly punished if he is a citizen ofThebes.
A reward will be given to who gives information regarding murdererwhich lead to his capture.11: What is the role of Creon?Ans. Creon is a brother in lawof king Oedipus, Jocasta’s brother and also was the king of Thebes for a short periodof time. He has no desire to be king anymore.12: What is the attitude of the Chorus toward theprophet’s revelation?Ans. Chorus are not satisfy.
They doubt it and take it as a lame conversation. They say that it is all lie,they are with Oedipus and against the prophet. 13: Why Sphinx died itself?Ans.Sphinx’s riddle was not easy to answer by any ordinary person with lack ofhumor. As Oedipus answered its riddle correctly which had never been answeredbefore by anyone. Sphinx threw itself off the cliff and died. 14: Why do Thebans come to the Oedipus?Ans.A procession of priests, who were sorrowful citizens of Thebes comes toOedipus.
They tell the whole situation to the King of Thebes that Thebes hasbeen struck by a plague, the citizens are dying, and no one knows how to put itto an end. Priest ask the king to save the kingdom.15: Why did Thebans think Oedipus as their life saver?Ans.Thebans think that Oedipus is an intelligent and decent king who cares deeplyfor his people and want nothing but prosperity of Thebes Moreover when Thebeshas been struck by a plague, they gather around his palace so that Oedipusmight save them from the calamity and contagious disease.
16: Why did Creon go to the Oracle?Ans. He went to the Oracle atDelphi to seek Apollo’s advice in saving Thebes from plague disease. He alsowanted to know the cause and remedy of the plague regarding safety from Apollo.17: Why did Oedipus kill Laius where three roads meet?Ans. Oedipus’s killing ofLaius was totally predestined. Here the three roads represents past, presentand future.
He kills his own father, king Laius, at a place where three roadsmeet in the name of self-defense. Oedipus was ignorant and totally pushed alongby the irreversible flow of time incident happened.18: Why Oedipus become physically oldbefore the time?Ans.Youth and age could be considered in play though the actions happen in a singleday, One might also want to think about fathers and children and the impact thegenerations has on age. Mental health of Oedipus is not the same throughout hiswhole journey as he has faces a lot of sorrows that it could be easily seenthrough his physical appearance.19: Where did Oedipus gethis name?Ans. When Oedipus was three days old, justafter receiving the prophecy his parents decided to kill him.
Parents receiveda prophecy saying that he would kill his father once he’ll become old. So, theypierced and bound his feet with rope and hand him over in a shepherd hands tobe abandoned on a mountainside. Luckily Oedipus survived in that incident whichwas totally because of his fate, but was left with a scar on his feet. In fact,his name in Greek meanings is “swollen foot.” Which was given by theKing and queen of Corinth.20: Where did Oedipus kill his father?Ans. Oedipus decided to runaway and not to return back home ever to Corinth,but to travel towards new place, Thebes.
On the way, Oedipus came to Davlia,there was the junction of three roads crossed each other. Where he came incontact with a carriage driven by his biological father, King Laius. And killedKing Laius in self-defense.21: Where Creon went to bring the message?Ans. Creon went to DelphiOracle to bring the message from God Apollo.
The Gods had caused the plague inThebes because of the murder of King Laius, previous king of Thebes. The godshad demanded that the murderer should be killed. The plague would be completelyend after the completion of this task. 22: Where the character of Laius is fits in the play?Ans. Laius was the king ofThebes before Oedipus. He was married to his Cousin, Jocasta. When his son wasborn, Apollo warned that his son would kill him in future. Laius tied his feettogether and hand him over in the hand of messenger to kill him on a mountain.
Afterwards Laius was killed by Oedipus, who had survived.23: Where was Oedipus foundas a baby?Ans. After knowing that this child wouldkill King Laius in the future, the king pierces his ankles and sent him on a mountainside to die along with a shepherd. Luckilyanother shepherd found the baby Oedipus in woods, and took him to King Polybusand Queen Merope of Corinth who had not any children before, they happilyaccepted him and also name him Oedipus and raise him just like their own son.24: Where did Oedipus give when he was ababy?Ans. A Theban shepherd find the babyOedipus on mountainside, he took him from the woods and hand him over to KingPolybus and Queen Merope of Corinth, who name him Oedipus and raise him astheir own son.
25: When did Jocasta killherself?Ans. Jocasta thought that her son had already diedthe day she handed him over to the shepherd. She did absolutely wrong with herown child. But somehow she was helpless at that time.
She killed herself becauseshe cannot live knowing what she didthis with Oedipus and also now she can’t face the public after all shedid before. So in the struggle of escaping from the situation, she welcomeddeath.26: WhenOedipus realizes that the prophecies has all come true?Ans. One set of prophecies has to do withTheban King Oedipus life.
According to these prophecies, Oedipus will kill hisown father and marry his own mother in the future. So later in the play when herealize that in fact he is murderer of King Laius and his wife Jocasta is hisbiological mother, there he realizes about the truth of prophecy.27:When does Oedipus punish himself?Ans. Many years later, when plague finallyend in Thebes, Oedipus ordered to search who had killedLaius, and discovered later that he himself is a murderer who was responsible for allthis mishap. As he made a strictstatement about Laius murderer Oedipus then seized two pins from her dressand blinded himself with them.
He left the kingdom andlater became bagger.28:When does Oedipus show his flaws in the play?Ans. Oedipus shows weakness in severalareas. His tragic flaw are his most significant weakness. However, Oedipus shows weakness elsewhereas well. In dealing with Creon, Oedipus acts unreasonably and is unable tocontrol his anger.
29:When Jocasta began to suspect the truth about Oedipus?Ans. Jocasta first becomes uncomfortablewhen Oedipus tells her of his dilemma and the oracle’s prophecy. However, whenthe messenger arrives with news of the death of Polybus then the pieces reallystarts to come together for her. After the messenger reveals that the Polybusand Merope were not in fact Oedipus’s biological parents, her initial fearabout the oracle’s prediction starts to sinks in as a reality.30:When does Creon realize his mistake?Ans.
Creon is the tragic character in the play “Antigone”. Creon’s tragic flaw, hubris, causes his downfall. Creon does not listen to anyone.
He isstubborn and his prideis so high. He cannot bring himself to acknowledge that he could ever wrongwhich is in fact his major mistake throughout the play. SECTION: 02THEMEOF FATE IN OEDIPUS REXBelief in Greek philosophy is thebelief that someone’s fate is unchangeable and predetermined. The Greeks of oldera believed that fate should be accepted in any condition because itultimately cannot be avoided in any cost.In this Greek tragedy, Oedipus theKing, the irony of fate brings the downfall of Oedipus. , Fate is somethingthat unavoidably befalls two characters. In this story, Fate effects twospecific characters.
Gods has already decreed Oedipus and Jocasta’s fate evenbefore they know it. Trying to avoid destiny is pointless because no matterwhat, it will catch up to you, where ever you are. Their fate was in factdecreed the day they were born, and trying to avoid seems to have beenpointless and useless.Throughout the whole play, Oedipus tries tochange his fate many times. When two messengers and an oracle confirmed that heis destined to marry his mother and kill his own father. At that time he knowsthat there is something he definitely wants to avoid, so he decided that hewould attempt to change his fate which is by the way completely impossible tosound. He does everything he can do to change that fate, but because of hisparents’ actions in ordering him killed as an infant; his knowledge of the peoplewho have raised him as parents is in fact incorrect.
As a result he decided notto tell his parents he was leaving so that he could avoid hurting theirfeelings. He picked up and run away. When he was on his journey to Thebes, heended up killing all but one of the men there where three roads crossed. Thisis where Sophocles proves that you can never run from your fate even if you tryreally hard. Even Jocasta accounts for this happening, “That it was fate thathe would die a victim, death of a man by the hands of his own son, a son to beborn to Laius and me. But now, king was killed by a foreign highway robber atthe place were three roads meet-so goes the story”. The man he killed in thatstreet was actually his own father.
In other words, fate is the only thing that iscompletely and utterly out of Oedipus’ control. His family secrets, aninscrutable past. In particular, it’s that pierced ankle. We can’t think of anyother instance of fate that is any more crucial to the plot of this play.
All in all, he had to say no to his fate andwas incapable of changing anything. Thus, the tragedy happened.SECTION:03ATTITUDE OF OEDIPUS AND JOCASTA TOWARDS RELIGIONIn this tragic play, Oedipus Rex, Godsand religion has greatly influenced the social structure which in turn has aprofound effect upon how the events unfold later as story continues. Oedipus is thehead of the whole Kingdom. Oedipus owning a sensitive gentle heart, reverence forGod and prophecy within has a strong faith on predictions and God’s Will. Hissacrifice of hometown to save his father’s life proves his religious belief onGod Apollo’s shrines.
Society also plays an important role in this belief. Overthe duration of the play, there is a bright sense of commands towards theactual incident, because Thebes is facing a severe plague, and of coursetowards the King Oedipus, because he is unknowingly in a relationship with hisown mother which has been proved by prophecy as well later in the story. Teresias, a messenger, tells Oedipus that in fact he isthe reason behind this critical condition. For Oedipus, religion is pushedbackward as he is a strong self-admirer. All these unfolded chapters leadOedipus into the contamination at that time which will only be cleansed by theGods and fate wills nothing else would be consider.The king’s household and family are greatly affected by the religion in severalways because there is a lack of believe in the Gods which has caused wreckageamong their lives.
Jocasta, both Oedipus’s wife andmother, is a strong believer in the Oracle. She does not want to believe thatOedipus is en route to kill his father and marry his own mother. She is frankly dubiousof prophecies and, therefore according to the religious ideas of thatlifespan, guilty of inapplicability towards the gods could be reflect. Jocasta is criticized for her distrust onprophecies and is an understandable prejudice though. She does not believe thatthe prophecy King Laius heard of came true. She believed her son as dead andhusband killed by the wayfarers. Her believe in the ideathat man can change his fate is being challenged as she discovers that Oedipusis truly her son and he in fact killer of her first husband. She is punished bythe Gods for being such a disbeliever.
This hidden consequence faded away herstrong belief on prophecies. Jocasta was critical of prophecy but not fullysacrilegious. In play she offered prayers in her fear and asking for GodApollo’s help and magical protection from all the disruptions. Theunendurable thoughts drive her crazy enough to take her life. SECTION: 04CONTRAST OF OEDIPUS AND JOCASTA PERSONALITIES OEDIPUSSTRENGTHS: Determined, Loyal ruler, Faces fearWEAKNESS: Angry, Denies FateOfyour two choices, pride or anger, it is pride that comes nearest to identifyingthe tragic flaw of this character. The ultimatecause of Oedipus downfall is hisunwillingness to accept his fate Oedipus shows weakness in several areas.
Oedipushas a temper. Indeed, it was sudden angerthat led him to unknowingly kill his real father, King Laius, at the crossroad.The murder of his father has an essential link in Oedipus downfall, making hisviolent temper, a good candidate for a tragic flaw.
His hubris can be seen as his tragic flaw andmost significant weakness as well. There is no denying that Oedipus is a proudman. Of course, he has got pretty good reason to be hubris. He is the one thatsaved Thebes from the Sphinx. If he hadn’t come along and solved the Sphinx’sriddle, the city would be still under the thrall of that creature. It seemsthat Oedipus rightly deserves the throne of Thebes. One of Oedipus’ greatestact of hubris is when he tries to deny his fate.
Oedipus tried to escapehis fate by never returning to Corinth, the city where he grew up, and neverseeing the people he thought were his parents again.However, Oedipus shows weakness elsewhere as well. Indealing with Creon, Oedipus acts unreasonably and isunable to control his anger. We can see Oedipus’ anger when he lashes out atboth Creon and Teiresias for bringing him bad news. Oedipus is a tragic hero because he is not perfect,but has tragic flaws.
Aristotle points outthat Oedipus’ tragic flaw is excessive pride (hubris)and self-righteousness. He also points out certain characteristics thatdetermine as tragic hero. Oedipus has atemper.
Indeed, it was rash anger that led to himunknowingly kill his real father, King Laius.Furthermore,the reason Oedipus is dead set on solving the mystery is because he is sodetermined and loyal to save hispeople. JOCASTASTRENGTHS: Compassionate,Understandable, SkepticismWEAKNESS: Commits sin, abandoned her baby Jocasta is the Queen of Thebes, butit’s just not as glamorous as it sounds.
By all accounts, it seems like herfirst marriage with King Laius was a pretty happy one. Sometimes Jocasta iscriticized for her distrust of prophecies. That is, until he received theprophecy that he was destined to be murdered by his own sonIt’s an understandable prejudice.
Though Jocasta doesn’t know that the prophecy Laius received came true. Thisseemingly disproves the prophecy that said Laius would die by his son’s hand.As far as Jocasta knows, she abandoned her baby boy to exposure, starvation,and wild beasts for nothing. She has very good reason to be more than a littleskeptical of prophets. Here she commits major sin when she abandoned her ownchild and disproves all the aspects of being a mother.Jocasta plays both a spousal andmaternal role to Oedipus.
She loves Oedipus romantically, but like a parent,she wishes to protect Oedipus’ innocence from the knowledge of theirrelationship. Oedipus does not stand alone.Jocasta’s love and anxiety are always at his side.
It is her tragedy that sheactively leads Oedipus towards their common disaster,and that she realizes the truth gradually though always in advance of him.Jocasta is sceptical of oracles and is, therefore, impious from the traditionalpoint of view.Like Oedipus, Jocasta commits most of her”sins” in ignorance. Yes, she did abandon Oedipus purposely when hewas a baby, but even Oedipus says he wishes he had died on that mountainside. It’simportant to note that though Jocasta is critical of prophecy, she isn’tnecessarily sacrilegious.