Creation of a WMD Divisions: A success that came from post
Amerithrax was the creation of a chain a command which put the FBI as the lead
investigatory agency for WMD threats. Prior to this, there were no set roles
which made it impossible to coordinate law enforcement, let alone include public
health. In 2004, the 9/11 Commission expressed the need for a new specialized
and integrated security branch to cover counterterrorism and
counterintelligence. In response, the FBI created the National Security Branch
(NSB) which spearheaded the development of an operational unit to address the
growing WMD threat (Majidi, 2011). Created in 2006, the Weapons of Mass
Destruction Directorate (WMDD) was charged with consolidating investigation and
prevention efforts to combine law enforcement, intelligence analysis
capabilities, and technical subject matter. The primary mission of the unit was
to prevent the proliferation of chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear
materials through proactive programs. In addition to detection, response
plans/programs were created to mitigate threats and coordinate the different
branches of government during an attack. Another success was the implementation
of WMD coordinators in each of the FBI’s 56 field offices and other locations
including, International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL), the Republic
of Georgia, and Singapore. The coordinators were FBI special agents with WMD-subject
matter expertise, and they served to provide on the scene management of WMD attacks
across the country. Additionally, the coordinators established a network with point
of contacts for suspected and confirmed WMD attacks. This addition not only
strengthened domestic information sharing during an attack, but supported international
coordination as well. Establishing leadership was pivotal to creating a medium
which allowed for the flow of information and ideas. The creation of
preestablished leadership allowed for the development of much needed
prevention, detection, and response plans involving both law enforcement and
public health. 


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