Compare and contrast the economic systems of the north and south in the years leading up to the Civil War? There are different ways that the north and south are compared and contrasted. As you read this you will find out about the economic system, wage slavery, and slavery practiced.
The North and South were not compared in any kind of way but they most differently were contrasted in many different ways. As in (reading 12 Agricultural and Slavery) they state that the union advantages of the north had a lot of great material, wealthy with money, had a lot of manpower, and the attrition was a big advantage as well that the Confederate advantages of the south they just had an excellent military leadership, defensive war, and they had their own great home field. The north’s disadvantages were just the opposite of the confederates advantages which are just poor military leadership. The south’s disadvantages were just the opposite of the union’s advantages which was just no materials, not being wealthy with money, and no strong manpower (reading 12 Agricultural and Slavery). The only way that the north and south could be compared is by being opposite of each other advantages and disadvantages. In “Frederick Law Olmsted Depicts the Economic Costs of Slavery,” Frederick states that the economic cost of slavery was not profitable at all in the north because most all of their money which is at least two hundred million has been spent on improving people’s houses, in labour-saving machinery, waterworks, gasworks, and etc. This means that the profits are going to manufacturers and merchants and that the disadvantage of the cotton monopoly by the negroes respect everything that they have to obtain or produce (Hoffman 425).
In “Alexis de Tocqueville Considers the Mobile Northern Society,” says “that America I have seen the freest and best education of men in circumstances that happiest to be found in the world, it seemed to me that a cloud habitually hung on their brow, and that they seemed serious and almost sad even in their pleasures” (Hoffman 425). So that comes to show that Alexis de Tocqueville had a lot of different thoughts on America and that Americans are unhappy. In “Gustof Unions, a Swedish Immigrant, Reflects on Life in the United States” Gustof states that American is a braggart and during the struggles of the Old World he sees progress of his peaceful fatherland and results of liberty and equality which he sees as impossible to obtain under any conditions (Hoffman 425). Even from a woman viewpoint of the industry in “Harriet Hanson Robinson, a Lowell Girl, Describes Her Labor in a Textile Mill,” that after time the wages had become more and more reduced, the best portion of the girls left and went to their homes or other employment that was fast opening for women (Hoffman 425). So that lets you know that it was hard for women in the North to get money and when the factory’s started reducing their money they had to try to find another job that was paying more to be able to have money to provide for their families and to gain certain rights.
The phrase “wage slavery” is a phrase that the northerners were sensitive to and the southerners had justified it as being slavery and they would also use wage slavery to their advantage. The term “wage slavery” means that a slave works and barely getting paid for doing such hard labor. In “Orestes Brownson Condemns the Plight of Wage Slavery” Brownson says that the northern system is more disobedient than the southern system of labor and that the man who employs slaves and reveling in luxury he’s a member of legislatures or Congress. This man contends over deplorable conditions of the poor laborer and he shouts for liberty and he’s probably like horrified at the southern planter that keeps slaves (Hoffman 425). Brownson also states that the wage is more profitable to the master and it will supplant slavery and be sustained (Hoffman 425). I believe that northerners were sensitive to the term “Wage Slavery” because they felt that they would never be freed from labor.
Do I agree that wage slavery can be equated with the slavery practiced in the Old South? I believe they are not equated to each other because As in this reading, you should get the answer to how the north and south are compared and contrasted leading up to the Civil war? Most of my information came from my lecture notes, weekly readings, and my textbook. I would’ve expected the north and the south to be compared in many ways rather than them being more contrast.