Civilizations have along history of the utilization of mecinal plants throughout the world.
Treatingillnesses of mankind with the consumption of medicinal plants is believed asold as humankind. Archeological proofs for the use of herbal remedies go back tomore than fourty thousand years. Since immemorial time, on the track of findingrescue for illnessess, materials including medicinal plants have been used totreat mankind (Mahmood et al., 2005).
It is believed that beginning of the useof medicinal plant has been instinctive. Wild varieties, which have medicinal properties,were used for therapies at first. It is evidenced that burial grounds of Neanderthalhave found to report with several plant species used up to date. Similartradition of valuable consumables had been buried with dead bodies or ashes ofdead bodies including jewelleries, perfumes, clothes, and medicinal plants etc.This can be evidenced by burial grounds in Pomparippu,and Ibbankatuwa etc (“Unearthing SriLanka’s Past”, 1998). Medicinal plants (e.g.
poppy) have been found with IceMan in the Alps in Switzerland dates back to more than 5,300 years (Bahn, 2005).At that time, information on reasons for illnesses, suitable plant species andits remedial formulations were insufficient mainly aware of based on practical experience.Since life of ancient humankind so hard, Homosapiens balangodensis (30 000 B.P.) had been produced tools using stones,animal skeletons etc (Daraniyagala, 1963).
Stone implements had been used forsurgical needs until discovering iron. Almost all of the earliest traditional knowledge in medicine stilldominant in the various part of the world was unrecorded as an ice-berg, wheresmaller portion may has been discovered. The cuneiform writing on Nagpurean clay-slabsin Mesopotamia reveals natural raw materials were used as medicine comprising12 recepes referring more than 240 plants by the Sumerians circa around 5thmillanium B.C.
Pen T’Sao is refered on plants, which is written by royal scholarShen Nung in the 3rd millanium B.C. It has mentioned more than 350 recepes,which still have been used in traditional medicine (TM).
Cinnamon, ginseng, andcamphor are some of refered plants. It is believed that mummification of deadroyal bodies in Egypt have been preserved using large amount of herbal extracts,which is evidenced in Gaza pyramids and Cairo meusium. Moreover, evidences havebeen found in the Babylonia (1770 B.C.) and the Egypt (1550 B.C.) for theconsumption of medicinal plants. The Ebers Papyrus (1550 B.
C.) had mentioned morethan 500 recepes and plant species including castor oil plant, aloe, senna,garlic, onion, coriander etc (Petrovska, 2012). Red Indians in America had usedpineapple (Ananas comosos) to reduceinflammation and to treat for stomachache.