The Problem





single mother is an unmarried woman or separated from the spouse and at the
same time, totally responsible for nurturing and up-bringing of a child or
children alone.  A solo mother is always
linked to a problem like economic hardship, food shortage and emotional
difficulties such as stress, depression and frustration as well. Kotwal
and Prabhakar (2009) Claim that it was difficult for
the single mothers to meet the basic needs of their children such as food,
clothing and school fees. However, the emotional life of single mothers was
also affected by their single status; they tried to avoid attending social
gatherings and have changed their dressing styles, also developed poor food and
eating habits for the sake of their children. Single mothers have to go through
a lot of circumstances every now and then; they were always under pressures,
stress and felt depressed to handle the responsibility of child-care.

to Rahel, (2014) there were three types of single motherhood. The first one was
a single mother who was unmarried, the second one was a divorcee or
separated/broken up with the husband and lastly a widow. Nowadays, single
mothers who are unmarried
for the reason that their parents left due to low income and no stable job, and
due to the death of their partner.

According to U.S. Children in
Single Mother Families (2009), most single-mother families have limited
financial resources available to cover children’s education, child care, and
health care costs. Seven in 10 children living with a single mother were poor
or have low income, compared to less than a third (32 per cent) of children
living in other types of families. While part of the problem was fewer
potential earners in female-headed families, many of these families were also
at a disadvantage because of problems collecting child support payments from
absent fathers.

As observed by
the researchers, there is an increasing population of single mothers in Malaybalay
City, most of them are college undergraduates. Even though they had a lot of
responsibilities and duties to fulfil, but they pursue to finish their degree
to find a better job. However, some of them are  not attending school because  they prioritize the needs of their children in
terms of food, clothing, and education to give them a brighter future.

The purpose of this study was to
explore the lived experiences of single mothers in raising their children.
Fortunately, the aim of the researchers was to let the participants realize the
essence of being a mother to their children in the absence of their father by
raising them using love-oriented method, for them to develop a strong
sense of responsibility for their behaviour and have feelings of guilt when
they have done something wrong.


Framework of the Study

 This study
utilized the feminist theory of Olesen, V.L. (2000),
and the RA no.8972 the “Solo Parents’ Welfare act of
2000” that was approved on November 7, 2000.  

This study anchored on the feminist
perspective theory (Olessen, 2000) that values women’s lived experiences. It places
women at the center of interest, and often leads to movements of change
precipitated by a collaboration of researchers and study participants. Furthermore,
the theory may be able to help single mothers to know about their rights to
overcome the situations, which can create a good influence in protecting their
selves and their children for some judgement of other people behind them.

feminist theory was
pinpointing the lived experiences of single mothers in raising their children
alone. Feminist
theory shines light on social problems, trends, and issues that single mothers
have to face. It is related to the present study about single mothers since this
study is all about the lived experiences of single mothers who were abandoned,
widowed, separated and/or unmarried.


The above act was based on the idea that single
mothers had benefits and privileges given by the government to support their
children’s needs specifically the health of child/children. This act could help
the mothers financially for the hospitalization. For the education assistance, the
solo parent welfare act could give’s privilege for financial needs like tuition
fees, the government give scholarship for those children of single mothers who
are wanting financially, so that their children could have a better future. This
act could help especially the mother’s situation even without the support of
their partners. 

Research topics
may include policy issues related to realizing social justice for women in specific contexts or
knowledge about oppressive situations for women. This perspective supports the Republic
act no.8972 also known as the “Solo Parents’ Welfare act of 2000”. This feminist
perspective and the act is relevant for the single mothers experiencing the
unusual in raising their children without the support of the husband/partner.
The theory also defends the women from discrimination of being a single mother.


Statement of the

study explored the lived experiences of single mothers in raising their
children in Barangay 9 Malaybalay City, Bukidnon, and for the Fiscal Year 2017.

it sought to answer the following questions:

1.  What are the economic, emotional and psychological
experiences of single mothers in raising their children?

2.  What is the coping mechanism of single mothers
in raising their children along?

Economic; and

Emotional/Psychological aspects?


Significance of the

            This research study was meant to be of
benefit to the following:

            To Single Mothers. The result of this study would
help them value the importance of their duties and responsibilities to their
children. For them to help their children develop and practice virtues that
will make them good family members, responsible citizens and competent
professionals through developing love-oriented methods in raising their

            To Children of Single Mothers. Through this study, they could
understand and be aware of the situation of their mother as a single parent who
is struggling to face the challenges and experiences in raising them.

the Family of the Single Mothers.
This is making them be aware that the lived experiences of a single mother is not

            To the Community.
The result of this study can also be beneficial to the community because it
provides some sort of data and information with regards to the single mothers
in their respective barangay.

            To Future Researchers. The study can provide ideas
about single mothers and can be utilized as a reference of their study.


Delimitation of the

           This study was delimited to the
Lived Experiences of Single Mothers in raising their children in Barangay 9
Malaybalay City, Bukidnon, fiscal year 2017. It includes the economic, emotional
and psychological/coping mechanism of the single mothers. The researchers
identified eight (8) Single Mothers of the said barangay as participants of the
study. It used phenomenological approach, questionnaire and interviews as the
primary method of collecting data. The questionnaire was made by the

Definition of Terms

            The following terms are defined operationally
and theoretically for better understanding of the study:

            Lived Experiences. Lived
experiences the way that a person lived their experiences in life and
understands the real meaning of life. lived meaning to describe the aspects or
a situation as experienced by the person in it (Van Manen 1990.p.183).

             In this study the lived experiences of single
mothers are the day to day encounter that they have.

            Single Mother. Single mother is a Female Solo
Parent as stipulated under Republic Act 8972, also known as the Solo Parent
Welfare Act of 2000.

            This study specifically classified
the single mothers as those who are unmarried, separated, abandoned wife and or
due to the death of her husband, who raised and cared their children alone.