Benjamin KidsomMrs. ChildersPre-AP English12/4/2017Rough Draft”It is always a much easier take to educate uneducated people then to re-educate the miseducated.” as exclaimed by Herbert M. Shelton. This reflects Squealer, one of three pig antagonists, manipulating the information to the uneducated animals of Manor Farm. The novel begins with the capture of Manor Farm, by its own overworked and neglected animals. These animals, primarily the pigs, begin to morph and ignite their own versions of a so-called “utopia”.  This later contributes to a damaging foreshadow that reflects the negative ideals of the Russian Revolution. In Animal Farm by George Orwell, Squealer uses the propaganda techniques of fear, camaraderie, and name-calling during his speeches in order to manipulate the knowledge of the farm animals.First and foremost, Squealer induces the animals with fear involving the return of Mr. Jones, the original owner of the farm, to ensure the pigs received the apples and milk for themselves. This comes after the fact the Mr. Jones leaves the farm and the fellow animals begin to form a utopian state. As the progress continues, the animals begin to question the fact of why the milk and apples have vanished. In turn, Squealer addresses this issue by presenting a speech to the farm. In regards to the outcry he states, “It is for your sake that we drink, and eat those apples. Do you know what would happen if we pigs failed in our duty? Jones would come back!” (Orwell, 36). Essentially, Squealer is conveying the fact that without the support of these resources the pigs would virtually be unable to guide the farm in the “right” direction. Additionally, Squealer suggests that if the apples, and milk are not surrendered to them, the return of Mr. Jones will become imminent. This is a clear example of fear, a propaganda technique because Squealer is warning the animals that the return of Mr. Jones will become a reality if they do not receive their milk and apples. The animals refuse to be treated with the amount of disrespect and feeling of unusefulness again. This is clear when Squealer uses this technique as it offers the pigs more dominance over the farm. The pigs are leading the farm into an absolute tyranny rather than a utopia. His use of fear is just the beginning of the pigs evolution towards mastering manipulation. Likewise, Squealer continues to manipulate the animals by further exhibiting the propaganda technique of camaraderie. The usage of camaraderie in Animal Farm interferes with the thought of how they perceive Snowball, and other animals. As the farm is settling for a daily meeting, as usual, Napoleon and Snowball get in a argument about the construction of a windmill. Napoleon strongly was against the vision that he urinated over the plans, and had Snowball lead off the farm.  Followed by the argument, and retreatment of Snowball, Squealer announces, “Comrades,” he said, “I trust that every animal here appreciates the sacrifice that Comrade Napoleon has made in taking this extra labour upon himself. Do not imagine, comrades, that leadership is a pleasure! On the contrary, it is a deep and heavy responsibility. No one believes more firmly than Comrade Napoleon that all animals are equal. He would be only too happy to let you make your decisions for yourselves. But sometimes you might make the wrong decisions, comrades, and then where should we be?” (55). The use of “Comrade” through Squealers speeches supposedly suggests equality. Instead of using terms such as king or queen and leader, which relate to class or social status, the animals are now “comrades” and share equally and are friends.  In other words, an equal state. Squealer uses this term to elaborate that all animals are equal, including Comrade Napoleon, the “leader” pig of the farm. Whereas Snowball is no longer mentioned in the story suggests that he is no longer equal rather below them. He is attempting to suggest that Napoleon, even with leadership and power he still remains equal. This communicates to the animals that because the leader is equal they and they are as equal and it doesn’t make them feel disrespected or feel that they lack power although it’s the reality. Squealer manipulates their minds so that they can continue work hard, and the pigs will benefit without working. The original ideas of equality into the novel are eventually lost as the novel progresses. An example is when the the term comrade is no longer mentioned as the pigs alter the name of the farm from Animal Farm back to Manor Farm. This term is related to the Communist revolution in Russia where the leaders referred to each other as comrades in their struggle to remake Russia into a Communist state. In reality equality does not exist. Camaraderie becomes a technique that begins very early in the novel and is continually used to propagate the farm animals later benefiting the pigs, Napoleon and Squealer. Furthermore, Squealer continues to influence the animals with the technique of name-calling. Name-calling in specific is a major factor towards how the farm animals think of Snowball. Following the argument between Napoleon, and Snowball, th As seen, one can see that Squealer’s tactics  Snowball’s name is again repeatedly spoken of  during the trials in which the dogs slaughter a number of animals who confess to crimes. Previously, Squealer explains to them that Napoleon is  one taking the leadership responsibilities upon himself and as the most “noble” animal he shall serve as the animal to make all the farm’s decisions. These statements, of course, mollify the animals, but they continue to question the removal of Snowball. Though the trails animals are “shaken and miserable” over the situation, the idea of Snowball’s treachery diverts them from the inhumanity of the animal slaughter. “…Suppose you had decided to follow Snowball, with his moonshine of windmills– Snowball, who, as we now know, was no better than a criminal.” (55).  In addition, Squealer also announces, “That was part of the arrangement!” cried Squealer. “Jones’s shot only grazed him. I could show you this in his own writing, if you were able to read it. The plot was for Snowball, at the critical moment, to give the signal for flight and leave the field to the enemy. And he very nearly succeeded–I will even say, comrades, he would have succeeded if it had not been for our heroic Leader, Comrade Napoleon. Do you not remember how, just at the moment when Jones and his men had got inside the yard, Snowball suddenly turned and fled, and many animals followed him? And do you not remember, too, that it was just at that moment” Squealer explains that Snowball was a traitor and a criminal. Eventually, the animals come to accept this version of events, and boxer shouts,”I will work harder” and “Napoleon is always right.” These two, soon reinforce each other when, three weeks after the banishment of Snowball, the animals learn that Napoleon supports the windmill project. Squealer’s words would prove persuasive, that the animals accept his explanation without question. This chapter shows Squealers misleading information has opened chaos within the farm. Squealer openly and thought manipulate the reason towards how Snowball with explained with no justification, and show willingness to continue. George Orwell, exhibits the use of propaganda techniques of fear, plainfolking. One technique used to influence the farm animals for the benefit of the pigs was camaraderie it was used to propagate the farm animals by stating that everyone is comrade, and that everyone is equal, and should be treated equally. Additionally, a major propaganda factor of name-calling affected the outlook of Snowball. It seems with Squealer was a key asset towards to forming of the state of the farm. And what would it be like with snowball?

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