is one of the most densely populated countries in the world (Ahmed et al.,
2005) and it ranks 8th in the list of other countries. The total population is
over 142 million and growth rate 1.37% (BBS, 2011). With this dense population,
she achieved a renewable progress in degradation of poverty (UNDP, 2008). But
in many places of this country, women are leading a miserable life with health
risks than male (Begum et al., 2017) because of their poor condition (Khatun et
al., 2013). About 31.5% people in Bangladesh live below the national poverty
line in 2010 (NSSS, 2015). About 24% of Bangladeshi women nearly one who is
currently married experienced both physical and current violence, 10.5% sexual
and 19.4% physical violence. Moreover, 18% are being slapped by their husband
last one year (Khan, 2017). Prevalence of physical and sexual IPV (Intimate
partner violence) of women was found mostly in the poorest category comparative
household wealth and women with no education compared to other respondents
(Ahmed, 2005).

Bangladesh, lower mortality rate found of those women who were independent with
their own occupation and education status (Hurt, 2004). The living standard
also found strongest influential factor for explaining the variation of
antenatal care and got height mean whose family condition is higher (Hossain,
et al., 2015). Women with the highest living standard family or with wealth
quintile were 0.557 times less delivered by untrained traditional birth
attendant than lowest quintile in the rural area of Bangladesh (Chowdhury et
al., 2013). Women who’re had asset one or more that means in the better
condition of wealth got 46.7% sought care from doctor/nurse/midwife in their
delivery complication than poorest condition women (Chowdhury et al., 2007).

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shows that women’s autonomy relates to earned income than unearned, wage income
has the larger effect of women autonomy in any household. (Anderson et al.,
2009). It has also been seen that the majority of males attitude toward women
remain conservative, their movement from outside home, their seeking education,
and information has not increased and narrow (Panday, 2010). A large number of
well-educated women are not in positions that would give them to use their
education to fulfill their own basic needs (Umme et al., 2012). In order to
decrease poverty by increasing incomes, improving health and nutrition, and
reducing family size education plays a vital role (LB, 1982). It affects about
the decision making of family planning, literate women make the decision about
contraceptive alone because they concern about their own health than illiterate
women. Another study also found that, among other socio factors, education
provides opportunities to a person to be well placed in a society (Islam,
2014). The high rate of incomplete secondary education and the lower rate of
educational attainment for women is occurred because of child marriage before
age 16 (as compared with 18) (Islam et Al., 2016).

Bangladesh and few other countries, it is found from practical studies that
socio-economic and socio-demographic status is considerable factors of health
care seeking behavior as well as the living standard for a community (Siddique,
2016). That’s why this study attempts to determine the socio-demographic
factors, which are associated with the living standard of ever-married women in
Bangladesh. We restrict our analysis by using BDHS data only for rural and
urban ever-married women condition in Bangladesh and how these factors affect


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