Balance between moral obligations to help others in need vs domestic responsibilities a govt has to its own people Aid can be mutually beneficial? There is a needfor countries to be pragmatic and not simply act out of compassion.
It isunfair to expect a country to help another when it is unable to help itself.However, when there are pressing needs, a country can provide financial andmaterial aid especially to those who are worse off. A country maynot always be expected to deliver aid to others when it is itself strugglingeconomically. A country should not be obliged to help in challenging economic circumstances when it is politically and economically untenable for itself to do so Not in the position to provide help to others – ability to help is greatly hampered A government’s responsibility is to its people first. Prioritising aid at the expense of domestic commitments to people’s needs would be politically unpopular E.
g. Greek Bankruptcy leading to its economic collapse Its own people are still struggling to get by, especially the elderly who have seen their pensions being cut in a string of austerity measures implemented by the state Country is the receipt of a large bailout by EU Even when faced with a refugee influx at its shores, it is not possible to expect Greece to help them when their own people are facing economic difficulties E.g. Brexit Referendum Even in richer countries, providing privileges and aid to others can be politically sensitive and unpopular for those living on the poverty line or earning just minimum wage Immigration has become a political hot potato and is particularly unpopular Referendum shows how older UK citizens and the less well-off feel that the state providing help to outsiders is unacceptable when there are people in their own country that need more help Aid provided to recipient countries may not always be effective and instead allow others to grow reliant on aid Aid given should be considered carefully and weighed to ensure it is effective rather than wasteful Showing goodwill and compassion is a virtue but when ineffective, can do more harm than good Especially for recipient countries with poor track record of human rights and high corruption levels Aid given only serves to prop up corrupt regimes E.g. China economic slowdown leading to global economy slowing over the last few years, yet has pledged billions in aid to Africa to expand its political clout Generous aid package criticized as it props up corrupt regimes and does not entirely help recipients Aid to zimbabwe has helped sustain President Mugabe’s oppressive and disastrous administration while doing little to alleviate poverty For recipients, dependency is risky as aid is unreliable and entirely at the whim and fancy of donor country However, intimes of pressing need and when lives are at stake, help should still beprovided especially to those who are worse off. Moral obligations E.g.
Ebola outbreak While large portion of funding came from richer countries (US being top donor), poorer african nations also contributed to help save lives and stop spread of virus Gambia and Guinea donated hundreds of thousands even though they are not necessarily well off Understanding that their neighbours need help at a critical time of global pandemic E.g. Typhoon Haiyan Indonesia donated $2 mill to Philippines despite having some people who are struggling to get by in their own country Provided help with reconstruction efforts and emergency aid Provision of help can be mutually beneficial. Donor countries thus still choose to give regardless of economic status, as long as aid does not cripple its own economy Provision of aid is a strategic means to maintain ties with allies E.g.
2008 US Subprime Crisis that saw collapse of big banks Still maintained military and economic aid package to egypt Egypt is an important ally in Middle East for US in the region to fight ISIS and other militant groups that can threaten its own national security