Solid waste management becomes a great problem in recent
time. Rapidly growing population is liable for producing large amount of solid
wastes. To develop an efficient SWM system the existing scenario of solid waste
of a city should be known which is enable to find out the exact problems
happening regarding disorder of solid waste within the city. Chittagong city
was known as the “cleanest city” of Bangladesh due to its neatness and an
overwhelming presence of green trees and hilly areas. But now recently due to
the presence of piles of refuses dotting and improper waste management, the
clean lines of the city has been facing an acute decay.
Solid waste management has become a major concern for the
cities and towns of Bangladesh. Chittagong is the second largest city in
Bangladesh. As a metropolitan city different types of SW are produced daily by the people. Low
collection coverage, scarce transport services, recycling and disposal and lack
of suitable treatment, facilities are responsible for unsatisfactory waste
management, leading to air, water and land pollution. Which putting people and
the environment at risk. In such a circumstance this study has intended to
unfold the institutional dimensions of solid waste management including the
types & amount of wastes produced in this city and to identify swm problems.
A field survey had been conducted to identify the recent scenario of swm system
in Chittagong city area. It helped to identify the problems regarding solid
waste management system which helped in this study to give some solicitation to
improve the solid waste management system of Chittagong.
The current society is much more aware of the environment. There
are an increasing number of environmental adjustment which is very often
challenging for the the management of SW . This makes the recycling as means of
reducing waste to the
landfill to be very significant in the SWM sector.
Primary and secondary data have been used in this
methodology. Primary data have been collected from depth interview and personal
.Data have been collected from different respondent groups like city
corporation employees, housewives, garbage collector. Their opinion has been
collected to get an acumen into existing waste management system. Their
suggestion has been considered in the study. Secondary data have been collected
through pursuing different reports of City Corporation, web materials, various
articles, journals, news and books.
It has been found that total 122 tons of SW of different
types are being generated daily. Of the total quantity 45-55 percent is
collected but the rest is left. It is broadly estimated that between 10 to 15
percent of the total municipal budget is used for SWM. The wastes which remains
uncollected and dumped in open area, street or drains, clogging the drainage
system that creates grave environmental decay and health risks. The collected
waste is presently being disposed of mainly in a low-lying area. Little amount
of waste is being reclaimed or salvaged for recycling according to its market
value. Finally, this paper suggests a safe and sustainable dumping site for
environmental protection to keep the city nice and healthy.
The CCC collects 1357-ton waste daily. Collection efficiency
is 70 percent of the generated waste Management scenario in Chittagong
Management method. Now I am going to present a short area solid waste
management description. Daily municipal solid waste recycling scenario by waste
pickers at Anandobazar and Arefin Nogor dumping site in 2014. Total daily
Anandobaza to Arefin Nogor collections…..
Paper 1.575 ton, Plastic 0.550 ton, Aluminum 0.027 ton,
Steel 0.556 ton, Glass 2.050-ton Total 4.758 ton. Which means Solid waste
management system is working perfectly.
At the end I just want to add that, Bangladesh is getting
populated day by day. More population, more waste, more pollution , more
environment disadvantage. So we have to cover the whole nation. Because
environment is getting weak day by day. we need to manage take action against
it and walk towards to a clean Bangladesh and a healthy Bangladesh. Thank you.