Anyone found to be with a Tutsi were killed on the spot5.
However, Tutsi members weren’t the only ones killed, Hutu members showing mercy
in any form were also killed. As the killings started to occur in the
northwestern part of Rwanda the RPF started to get things slightly under
control near the end of April in the areas of Kigali and Byumba. But what could
the RPF do there now, all the Tutsi civilians were now dead. On June 23th,
about 2500 United Nations soldiers entered the southwestern part of Rwanda to
carry out Opération Turquoise. Although the mission wasn’t very successful it was
intended to try and stop the violence and create a safe zone for the remaining
Tutsi members. In July, the RPF had gotten control of the country, excluding
the area used by the Opération Turquoise soldiers. The genocide ended on July
18th, when the RPF took control of the northwestern part of Rwanda.
Once the Tutsi had got control over the country, the Hutus fled to Burunadi,
Tanzania, and Uganda.

 

Sexual
Violence

            Throughout the
Rwandan genocide about half a million Tutsi women were raped, sexually
mutilated, or murdered. However, these rapes aren’t the type of rapes you hear
about in Canada. They were sexually assaulted one on one rape, gang raped,
forced to serve as sex slaves, and were forced to marry their rapist. The women
who married their rapist were forced to stay with them even after the genocide.
Along with the rape of Tutsi women, any Hutu women found to be married to a
Tutsi or was hiding a Tutsi was also raped. Hutu men who had HIV actually used
it as a weapon by raping women so that the virus could be transmitted. Also,
although rape did occur in the in the victims’ houses, it commonly took place
in public when the women could be seen naked in front of everyone. The
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, which was an international court
established in 1994 by the United Nations to find and decide who the leaders of
the Rwandan genocide, handed down its first conviction for the use of rape
during a civil war. The goal of the Hutu members against Tutsi women was to destroy,
in whole or in part, a particular ethnic group, this was the first time
genocidal rape was committed. Someone falls under this conviction if they take
part in any of the following:

a)      Killing
members of the group;

b)      Causing
serious bodily or mental harm to the members of the group;

c)      Deliberately
inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its
physical destruction in whole or part;

d)      Imposing
measures intended to prevent births within the group;

e)      Forcibly
transferring children of the group to another group.

 

These half a million rapes were done by the Interahamwe, which is a Hutu
semi-militarized organization, the Rwandan military, and regular Hutu
civilians. The mass amount of rapes were lead by political and military leader
as a part of their goal to make the Tutsi members suffer. 

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