Amelia EarhartGina HuynhduLanguage Arts P.
6Miss Witt16 January 2018Research OutlineIntroHook- Amelia Earhart was an inspiration to men and women, breaking many aviation records and accomplishing things people couldn’t believe.Brief Summary •Flight solo over the Atlantic•Flight solo coast to coast non-stop•How she crashed and disappeared Thesis- Amelia Earhart was influential in aviation exploration, paving the way for women in the workforce, and her disappearance still fascinates people today.Historical BackgroundBackgroundChildhood Journey to becoming a pilot First year as a pilot AccomplishmentsSolo over Atlantic Record-breaking flights and how it gave women hope EventsFirst FlightFirst person to fly solo from Hawaii to CaliforniaOverview of LifeThesis Reason 1: Aviation exploration Reason 2: Paving the way for women in the workforce Reason 3: Disappearance Conclusion:Amelia Earhart was influential in aviation exploration, paving the way for women in the workforce, and her disappearance still fascinates people today.Your findingsYour opinion Conclude paper Amelia Earhart was an inspiration to men and women, breaking many aviation records and accomplishing things people couldn’t believe. She went on many record-breaking flights such as her solo flight across the Atlantic and her non-stop coast to coast flight. She worked hard her whole life to promote opportunities for women. Sadly, on one of her flights she mysteriously disappeared and was never found.
Amelia Earhart was influential in aviation exploration, paving the way for women in the workforce, and her disappearance still fascinates people today. Amelia Mary Earhart was born on July 24, 1897, in Atchison, Kansas. Her dad, Edwin, was an unsuccessful lawyer, and her mom, Amy, was the daughter of a rich family (Fleming 6). Amelia’s parents had had a miscarriage before her in a cable car accident, so they both loved Amelia very much (Haugen 15). Amelia grew up loving adventure and exploring, although when she was growing up, girls were expected to be domesticated. Amelia and her sister, Muriel, were raised in an untraditional way. She got her sense of adventure from her mother who was the first woman to climb Pikes Peak (Klingel 7). Amelia enjoyed mechanic and building contraptions, she believed that girls could do anything boys could do (Klingel 8).
“Later in her childhood, Edwin developed a drinking problem, and when he drank he created fear for his family. He lost many jobs and his family had to keep moving homes” (Haugen 23). When Earhart was seventeen, she went to Hyde Park High School, she was a loner and did not want to fit in (Fleming 24). At nineteen, she attended Ogontz Prep School, it was one of the best prep schools in the country (Fleming 27).
Amelia disagreed with the teachers there who thought that the only thing that women should do is get married. She even kept a scrapbook of many women who had careers (Fleming 28). Although they weren’t rich, Amelia still enjoyed her childhood.
Earhart loved watching the planes fly while serving as a nurse’s aid in World War l (History.com Staff 2). When Amelia was horseback riding with her sister, a Flying Corps Officer who invited them to an airfield.
Earhart discovered her love for aviation and attended a fair where people were giving stunt flying demonstrations (Haugen 30). “Amelia watched in amazement as the plane flew down towards her.” She bought a ticket for a ride in an airplane at the fair (Haugen 31). Earhart knew she wanted to be a pilot before the ride was over. Amelia immediately signed up for flying lessons, but her parents could not afford them so she started working. Amelia took her first flying lesson with Neta Snook, the first woman to go to the Curtiss School of Aviation (Klingel 15). Amelia made many dangerous mistakes when she first started flying (Fleming 38).
Earhart received her pilot’s license quickly and she was one of the first women to get their license (Klingel 32). On October 22, 1922, Amelia set the altitude record for women at 14,000 feet. Amelia accomplished many things early in her flying career. In her life, Amelia Earhart inspired many by exploring in aviation. In April of 1928, Earhart was asked to fly across the Atlantic Ocean with Amy Guest. Earhart wanted to fly at least part of the way, but she was told it would not be possible because she did not know how to fly a multi-motored plane (Haugen 46). On June 17, they took off on their twenty hour and forty minute journey across the Atlantic, they landed in Southern Wales (Klingel 24). “Even though this was the agreement, Earhart later confided that she felt she “was just baggage, like a sack of potatoes.
” Then she added “…maybe someday I’ll try it alone” (Biography.com Editors 3). And a few years later, that is exactly what she did.
On May 20, 1932, Amelia began her solo flight across the Atlantic. She started in Harbour Grace, Newfoundland, it was a fifteen-hour-long flight and she landed in Northern Ireland (Fleming 73). During the flight, the altimeter stopped working, which meant she did not know how far up she was flying, but she persisted and kept flying (Fleming 74). Then, fog began to form around the plane, but when she flew above it, ice started to build up on the wings. She descended knowing it could cause an extremely dangerous spin (Haugen 71). Just when Earhart had calmed down, she looked out to find the plane cylinders were on fire (Fleming 74). As conditions got worse, she decided to land in Ireland (Biography.
com Editors 14). Despite all the problems, Amelia had achieved her goal of becoming the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic (Fleming 77). After this flight, President Hoover awarded Amelia with the National Geographic Society’s Gold Medal. She also received the Distinguished Flying Cross and a National Aeronautical Association Honorary Membership (Klingel 22). Amelia took on a new flight on January 11, 1935, she was going to fly over the Pacific from Hawaii to California (Fleming 77).
The flight was problem free, and afterwards, she was congratulated by President Franklin and his wife (Haugen 80). President Franklin wrote, “You have demonstrated not only your own dauntless courage, but also the capacity of women to match the skill of men in carrying through the most difficult feats of high adventure” (Haugen 73). Earhart departed three months later to become the first person to fly solo from Los Angeles to Mexico City (Fleming 77). Although Amelia was breaking records all over the place, she wanted to do something bigger, she wanted to fly around the world. In 1936, Amelia’s husband, George, started to prepare for her big flight by making sure they had permission to fly over all the land they passed (Fleming 86). She knew she could not do this alone, so she partnered up with navigator Fred Noonan to help her along the trip (Haugen 85).
On March 17, they were off on their journey around the world, they flew 2,400 miles from California to Hawaii. When they were landing, they spun and crashed, thankfully no one was hurt, but the plane was destroyed (Haugen 88). The Electra took two months to repair, they then took off again on June 1, 1937 (Haugen 89).
They flew from Miami to Southeast Asia, they landed in Lae, New Guinea on June 29 (History.com Staff 3). The next landing would be a challenged because it was on Howland Island, which was very small (Haugen 90).
Around 10 AM, they took to the air again, but this time the weather was cloudy and communicating was difficult. Things started to get worse from this point on. At 7:42 AM, the ship got a message from Amelia saying, “Running out of gas. Only one-half hour left. Been unable to reach you by radio.
We are flying at one thousand feet” (Haugen 91). Later, they got information about her location, but it was not enough. That was the last message they heard from Amelia, she and the plane were never found (Haugen 92). Though she died young, she accomplished a lot in her career.Amelia was always working hard to pave the way for women in the workforce. She had a strong belief that women should take chances and dare to live, she did not believe in stereotypes. In the spring of 1935, Amelia was invited to work at Purdue University to inspire the girls there to take up any job they want.
Amelia decided to live in the residence hall. She did not follow the proper etiquette and would come to dinner in her flying clothes instead of following the dress code (Fleming 83). After dinner, Amelia would even sit down with the students and led group discussions (Fleming 84).
“They centered around Miss Earhart’s belief that women… really did have choices about what we could do with our lives,” recalled one student. “Study whatever you want, she counseled us girls. ‘Don’t let the world push you around” (Fleming 84). During her life, Earhart was always working to help create more opportunities for women.
She created the Ninety-Nines, which was an organization for female pilots. She was the first president of the organization which is still here today, and it includes flyers from 44 different countries (History.com Staff 4).
Amelia also gave speeches to convince women that they could become pilots as well (Klingel 20). Earhart wanted other girls to go into aviation and she encouraged young women to take lessons (Amelia Earhart Museum 2). During the 1930’s many people thought that it was not ladylike to fly, and women who did fly were bizarre (Amelia Earhart Museum 3). “She lived in an era where women were given fewer opportunities to fly and they had smaller, cheaper planes than men” (Fleming 46).
She believed that women and men should have separate records so that they could still be recognized for their accomplishments even if they weren’t the first. She spent much of her time speaking about women in aviation. Amelia wished that someday women and men would be treated equally and taught based on their skills and not their gender (Amelia Earhart Museum 4). She hoped women would share their attempts in aviation. Amelia Earhart inspired many pilots with her flying accomplishments, creating the Ninety-Nines, and encouraging women to follow their dreams (Amelia Earhart Museum 5). Amelia Earhart is widely known because of her mysterious disappearance.
Earhart was supposed to land on Howland Island on July 2 to end her journey around the world. “The Itasca…sent out huge clouds of smoke while we lined the runway and sat out in lifeboats and the official greeters waited anxiously at the reception spot. All eyes gazed fondly, proudly, eagerly, over the horizon. We believed we were about to see history in the making– the first woman to fly around the world, but she didn’t, and she didn’t come” (Fleming 4). At 7:58 AM, Amelia sent a message saying she could not hear them, at this point they knew she was lost. The message came through so strong that they were sure she was right above them at one point.
The team became frustrated when they could not help her and did not hear from her for forty minutes. Then, suddenly It was chaos, radiomen were frantically attempting to send her messages for almost an hour, they knew she was very low on fuel. They were constantly looking up hoping to see her coming down in the plane (Fleming 4).
A lot of time passed with no sign of Earhart, they waited for her anxiously (Fleming 5). People were trying everything they could to communicate with Amelia. NBC even sent out a broadcast to see if she could hear them. A few military stations in Honolulu heard a response, but there was too much static to hear what was being said (Fleming 44). It went on like this for hours and hours, the coast guard receiving a signal, but it was unreadable. “Distraught, he refused to leave the coast guard station in San Francisco. He simply stayed in the radio room, going days without sleep waiting for news that his wife had been found” (Fleming 108). He was very determined to find Amelia, he even offered to pay for additional searches (Fleming 109).
President Roosevelt conducted the largest rescue attempt ever made for one plane. They looked for a month, sadly nothing was found (Klingel 27). The rescue ended on July 18, 1937, her mysterious disappearance still remains a mystery (Klingel 28). Amelia Earhart was influential in aviation exploration, paving the way for women in the workforce, and her disappearance still fascinates people today. Amelia was a role model for all aspiring female aviators. She has accomplished many amazing things during her career that some people could not dream of.
Her disappearance left America in distress. In my opinion, she was one of the greatest female aviators there ever was. Amelia will be remembered as a person who did many great things and will never be forgotten.Works Cited”Amelia Earhart as an Aviator.
” Amelia Earhart as an Aviator, www.ameliaearhartmuseum.org/AmeliaEarhart/AEAviator.htm.Biography.
com Editors. “Amelia Earhart.” Biography.com, A&E Networks Television, 31 Aug.
2017, www.biography.com/people/amelia-earhart-9283280.Fleming, Candace. Amelia Lost: the Life and Disappearance of Amelia Earhart.
Random House Publishing Group, 2011.Haugen, Brenda. Amelia Earhart: Legendary Aviator. Compass Point Books, 2007.History.com Staff. “Amelia Earhart.
” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2009, www.history.com/topics/amelia-earhart.
Klingel, Cynthia. Amelia Earhart: Aviation Pioneer. Child’s World, 2004.