Although situational couple violence can be perpetrated by either gender (Johnson 1995 and Straus 2010), I will concentrate on collecting data by women in situations when they are regarded as victims or survivors of domestic violence, and men are perpetrators. This approach will allow conducting comparative analysis of two data collected from general population and from the agencies as the latter presented solely by women. The quantitate data will be based on data to be collected during survey in February-March 2018 in Belarus in the framework of implementation of the UNFPA project on domestic violence. The data will be collected to measure core indicators on VAW identified by the Friends of the Chair of the UN Statistical Commission. The questionnaire will be country-specific, but will replicate the methodology of the WHO multi-country study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence prepared by Henrica Jansen. The age of women will range 18 until 64; women will be represented by all regions of Belarus with n=1500.
The qualitative data will be obtained by interviewing women who will be living at the two shelters. One of them is operated by the NGO and located in Minsk, the capital; and another one is operated by the FBO and located in regional town Lida. Data from the agencies is vital because it helps to adjust the SEA-28 to the national context as well as to explore economic abuse in violent controlling relationship. It is predicted that DV victims will not respond to general population survey due to fear of violence escalation and feeling of insecurity. Also there will be a call to action to participate in an interview on the specialized internet portals that ensures high coverage of general population all over Belarus. In order to ensure consistency of sampling, women will be selected amongst those who have maternity leave with children aged between 1.5 and 3 years old, and also they might have situational stress due to temporary unemployment and male partner’s financial dependency.
Women will be interviewed on three separate occasions over 12 month period and a grounded theory research approach will be utilized. The questionnaire will be based on the Checklist of Controlling Behaviors, which is an 84-item instrument divided into 10 subscales assessing physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, economic abuse, intimidation, threats, minimizing and denying, blaming, isolation and male privilege (Lehmann et al., 2012). The subscale on economic violence includes only economic control, therefore it will be augmented with the sub-categories of economic exploitation and employment sabotage of the SEA-28.