Although the main reason why political
underrepresentation of women matters is because women will introduce, new
methods or strategies to politics that will improve policies for the better.
This idea is a central theme for the difference argument. For instance,
“Mozambique is positioned in 15th place regarding women MPs. 40% of politicians
seated in the country’s Assembly of the Republic are females. Mozambique also
had a female head of state, prime minister Luisa Diogo, for six years between
2004 and 2010” (Martin, 2016). Likewise, “44% of
Iceland’s government ministers are women
and have run the country for 20 of the
last 50 years. This together has contributed to
making Icelandic females the utmost politically influential on earth, according
to the World Economic Forum” (Martin, 2016). Consequently, this
demonstrates that underrepresentation of women is a clear indicator of the need
for more women to participate in politics. The difference argument suggests
“women introduce a different style and tactics that will ultimately enhance the
quality of politics for better and will benefit all” (Lovenduski,
The correlation among “gender relations and the social
difference has noteworthy effects on the political influence of various
clusters of women and men” (Lovenduski, 2005). On the other hand,
the difference argument contains utopian aspects particularly when it asserts
that women have a ‘different style of politics’ (Lovenduski,
it is unrealistic to automatically assume that if more women participate in
politics that will solve all problems that occur in politics in relation to
underrepresentation. Not to mention, the difference argument does not offer a
way to eradicate underrepresentation of women in politics. However, the
difference argument makes apparent the importance of underrepresentation of
women insisting that “women’s interests and ways of doing things will affect
political life” (Lovenduski, 2005) immensely. Broadly speaking, the
participation of women has heightened expectations that “culture, discourse, and policy” (Lovenduski, 2005)will perhaps
eventually increase “to a more gender-balanced equilibrium” (Lovenduski,
and more females  participating in
politics will create a pathway increasing women’s political presence,
ultimately eradicating underrepresentation of women.


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