Akaysia SuttonSherry O’Sullivan English III26 January 2018The Lack of Substantial Education Around the Globe Around the world, there is a huge education deficit affecting the lives of children as we speak. These deficits do not only affect the millions of children who exist today, but also the very existence of the world that humanity hopes to have in the future. Throughout history, education has always been one of the top priorities in societies all around the sphere but now, education is slowly changing from a major importance in the world to a minor one. This change is starting to erupt a revolution that is not for the better. Students in these environments have issues with many skills that some may believe is a second nature to them; one skill of which is reading. This educational deficit that every hemisphere on the globe is facing is the effect of a variety of causes. These causes have turned this issue from a societal problem to an international problem.  Around the world, there is a lack of substantial education because of social conditions, insufficient funding, and a lack of interest. There is a lack of substantial education around the world because of social conditions. In every country, there are beliefs or traditions that hold back students from getting the education they deserve. Traditions have an enormous effect on who gets education in some countries in the world, especially in the southeast. Traditions in these regions believe that male education is far more important than female education (Global Citizen). While the men work and go out to be educated, the women are supposed to stay home and do other household work that women in the United States have not done in the last few decades. According to 70 Million Children Get No Education, Says Report, “In Malawi, of those that enroll, 22.3% of boys complete primary compared to 13.8% of girls. In rural Burkina Faso, 61% of girls are married by the age of 18 and over 85% never get to see the inside of a secondary school” (Shepherd). Not only do females in these countries get deprived of becoming well-educated women, but they are also expected to mature at an earlier age than most girls would nowadays. As stated in The Issues Affecting Global Poverty: Education, “In sub-Saharan Africa, the enrolment rate in secondary education for girls compared to boys has not risen enough since 1999: 88 girls are enrolled for every 100 boys. Early marriage and adolescent pregnancy are still a major obstacle to girls’ access to education” (The Issues). Although most of the world has moved on from the housewife women stereotype, some parts of the world have not; which depletes the opportunity of education for young men and women in these areas, but mostly women. Traditions are not the only social conditions that are to blame for this lack of education around the world; social responsibilities and mishaps are guilty as well. For students who live in poverty or are looked upon to hold great responsibilities in their household do not receive the education they need or deserve, either. Out of school, students with this type of responsibility do not have the opportunity to focus only on school or even attend school. In Child Labor Issues, Causes and Interventions, the authors state that “when … children are allowed to work legally, they often abandon school to better their families conditions” (Siddiqi and Patrinos 4). Those students, especially if they are living in poverty, take on the duty of helping their family with their financial issues to stay alive, focusing on their present life instead of focusing on their future. These students do not only get distracted if they have a job, but also if they are living in homes of single parents and/or have other siblings that cannot provide for themselves. According to Global Citizen, some students are have the responsibility of having to “stay at home to look after siblings and work on household chores” (Global Citizen). While social conditions may not seem like a big deal when hearing about them, they have an abhorrent affect on the lives of children who face these educational drawbacks on a daily basis. Another cause of the educational deficit around the world today is insufficient funding for schools and their programs. Finances come as a must when it comes to school systems because even the lowest levels of education is expensive. Schools all over the globe come face-to-face with financial issues every few months, especially the poorest ones. According to Jessica Shepherd, “the International Monetary Fund severely restricts poor countries’ chances of investing in education, while the World Bank has overseen a dramatic withdrawal of education funds from low-income countries, especially in Africa” (Shepherd). For a country or community that is already struggling with how to deal with finances for other issues, school systems are not the first issue countries are thinking about first, even though it should. These countries that are in poverty or that are on thin ice do not realize that this lack of access to education for the students of their country or location prevents them  to escape the cycle of poverty (The Issues). Without getting the education they need, it is unobtainable for these students to get high-paying jobs to bring themselves and their country out of poverty because they will be callow in whatever field they dream of going into. These school systems with insufficient funding do more of the harming than the benefiting when it comes to their students. In the article The Issues Affecting Global Poverty: Education, it states that “in countries where classrooms are crowded, supplies are scarce and the opportunities to move on to secondary school limited, many children drop out” (The Issues). Students who attend schools where they barely have supplies, let alone somewhere to sit, feel the tendency to not want to come back being that there is no point. Education resources make a huge difference in the lives of students in and out of school, especially when they are used to get qualified and experienced teachers and curriculum (Darling-Hammond). Insufficient funding is a major cause of the lack of reliable education around the world because you need money for everything. In 10 Barriers To Education Around the World, “In many developing countries, over the last decades governments have announced the abolition of school fees and as a result, seen impressive increases in the number of children going to school” (Global Citizen). Insufficient funding is hiding the potential that students all of world have deep down, sadly. Schools are also not getting grants and donations like they used to as well being that between 2009 and 2012, the total aid for the basic levels of education dropped to 16% (Global Citizen). Insufficient funding is definitely a well-known cause for many other issues such a poverty and world hunger, but it is also a major cause of the lack of substantial education all around the world. Yes, social conditions and insufficient funding are causes of this educational deficit the world is currently facing, but a lack of interest is a cause as well. While in some parts of the world, boys and girls fight for their right to education, some children who are fortunate enough to have it, fail to see how much of a gift education is to them.  Judith G. Smetana in her book Adolescents, Families, and Social Development: How Teens Construct Their Worlds, she found that from most of the responses she was given in a 2011 study she held, that most of “their reasons for not wanting to do their homework had mostly to do with their attraction to other activities” (Smetana). The students who do attend school find their focus to be more on extracurricular activities or other hobbies instead of academics. As stated by Siddiqi and Patrinos, “Child labor is a pervasive problem throughout the world, especially in developingcountries” (Siddiqi and Patrinos 1). The percentages of child labor have gone up dramatically over the last couple of decades for many reasons 1; because of parents and 2; because of requirement laws. Many parents now urge their children to find jobs and work to help pay for their self needs and wants more than ever. According to Child Labor Issues, Causes and Interventions, “Children are often prompted to work by their parents. According to one study, “parents represent 62 percent of the source of induction into employment. Children make theirown decisions to work only 8 percent of the time” (Siddiqi and Patrinos 5). Usually parents urge their children to stay in school and keep their grades up but in this case, parents in these situations urge their children to go out and work giving them less time to focus on school and focus more on making money. Working age requirements also play a role in students lack of interest in school and focus on working and making more money. As stated by Siddiqi and Patrinos, “In many countries (Costa Rica, Thailand, Sri Lanka), the minimum working age is lower than the required age of compulsory education, giving children access to employment before they have even completed the minimum amount of schooling” (Siddiqi and Patrinos 4). Working gives these students the opportunity to work and buy whatever they want using their own money giving them a sense of independency. When comparing school to work, most would most likely choose to work because they can physically get something out of it automatically. If the students attend schools that are not providing enough as well, the students and the parents would rather them work. According to Child Labor Issues, Causes and Interventions, “Schools in many developing areas suffer from problems such as overcrowding, inadequate sanitation and apathetic teachers. As a result, parents may find no use in  sending their children to school when they could be home learning a skill (for example, agriculture) and supplementing the family income” (Siddiqi and Patrinos). Even though in many places around this green and blue sphere that we live on, better known as Earth, insufficient funding and social conditions are what is causing the lack of substantial education, there is a lack of interest when it comes to school that the students (and some parents) have that are to blame for this issue as well.In conclusion, this lack of substantial education will always be a barrier that humanity will face, just like the world will never actually achieve World Peace, but there are ways that we can help make this problem less of an issue. Some may argue and say that time and finances should be directed towards other problems that each country may face but there is nothing more important than having the accessibility of education, especially for young children who may hold gifts and talents that the world has never experienced before. Social conditions are factors that have negatively influenced the lives of young women and men because of situations that, for some reason, is just out of their control. Schools and countries with insufficient funding may stay open, yes, but do no good if the students who attend the school drop out because they believe that there is no point of going and students who have a lack interest in school believes the same, but there is a point of going back. Like mentioned before, education is the beginning of a path that can lead anyone to unbelievable success, but if there is a dramatically, large lack of substantial education for children around the world today, they will not be able to even dream of that path for themselves tomorrow.

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