After
Germany lost the Second World War in 1945, the four allies, France, USA, Great
Britain and the Soviet Union agreed to divide Germany into each sector. But
soon there arose disputes between the allies, because the Soviet Union was
dictated by Joseph Stalin together with the Communist Party. The conflict
between the Soviet Union and the three allies became more and more critical. It
was formed a new German government, but only for the part of Germany that
belonged to France, Britain and the United States.

 

In
June 1948 the part of Germany created a new currency, which was called Deutsche
Mark. Soviet Union reacted strongly to the introduction of the new currency,
and threatened to close all roads into West Berlin, so that Western Berlin
would be a small island with the communist East -Germany. Berlin, which still
suffered major damage of the bombing they had been through World War II, did
not have opportunities to obtain food or other life-sustaining products and 2.5
millinoner belinere would suffer famine of such a blockade. Still, the Soviet
Union seriously by their threats. In response to the Soviet blockade of roads
created Americans and British a “Luftbrücke” airlift to Berlin. That
meant every minute  the American and
British planes arrived at the airport Tempelhof in the middle of Berlin with
food and medicine for Berliners. This method made it hard for the soviet union
and they realized it wasn’t worth trying to make a food blockade.

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In
May 1949 the Soviet Union admitted the  defeat and lifted the blockade. Nonetheless,
The feeling was not particularly better. Every month, there were thousands of
people who escaped from East to West Berlin. Soviet Union tried to stop the horde
of people crossing the border every month, but without success. The tension
increased and the situation started and converted into crisis. Soviet Union
felt threatened and had publicly said that they would soon stop the stream of
people from east to west.

 

The
night on the 12th to the 13th of August the Soviet Union really started to stop
flow of people. Suddenly barbed wire rolled out and soldiers with guns were
located along the border of the Soviet sector of Berlin. Mines were set up. it
becamedangerous and strict boyfriend’s forbidden and cross the border in the
West -Berlin. People were uncertain about what was going on and did not know
that this was the beginning of a 2.4 m high wall right through Berlin. Log in
to see the picture Map of Berlin with the wall. The East German government was
not honest, it foklarte that the wall would prevent western agents and spies to
get across the border. It was also said that the West had persuaded and forced
men creases in the east to immigrate to West Berlin. From one day to another
was a city divided by a wall. Many people plan to escape from East -Berlin this
summer, was crushed. The first days occurred panik Mood and people were
desperately trying to get across to the west. People threw themselves out of
windows in houses that stood on the border to West Berlin and tried to swim
across the channel to the western part. Families were suddenly separated only
because they lived on two different sides of Berlin. As the years went by East
and West Berliners beca,e more and more used to to living with a border that
divided the city into two.

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