ADEDOLAPO ADENIJHISTORY 1152P GRAVESDECEMBER 13, 2017 Book Review: Howard K. Beale. TheodoreRoosevelt and the Rise of America to World Power. The John Hopkins University Press, 1956 United State of America was a worldpower throughout the last century and had done so by establishing severalforeign relationships all over the world. The fact that America is part of thetop tree countries in import and export there are considered part of theforefront of the trading industries.
Despite the fact the America was notconsidered a world power or even involved in international trade. Several eventand people has made an impact on the growing policy of America, Roosevelt hadthe greatest impact on America’s involvement in foreign policy and that alsomade America a world power. According to Beale Howard, the writer of Theodore Roosevelt and the Rise ofAmerica to World Power, he said that Roosevelt knew and understood America’sproblem and was able to find solution to them as well as improving Americasgrowing involvement international trade and affairs. Though Beale did revealwhat Roosevelt did to create these political and relationships internationally,he also stated how Roosevelt knew of America’s problem so well that he sort ofhad solution to the problems. Beale talk about how America transformed frombeing isolated to becoming a world power under Roosevelt.Hetalks about Roosevelt influence on America’s imperialism, though after thecivil war Americas military was feeble and its economy was in disarray becausethe civil war drained its resources. But for America to be considered a worldpower, it had to be strong enough that it couldn’t be opposed. Roosevelt waspro war, so when he became president building the united state naval forces,which was one of his priorities.
Roosevelt said, ” He valued the blessing ofpeace, but craved the excitement of war”. He met with government official andtop navy officer to discuss the growth of the naval force, he knew that with alarge and strong naval force they would be seem as a world force or power andthis would spread it view to other nations. Thisevolved about cultural influence. Roosevelt knew that America had to grow andexpand continuously across the world.
He said ” superior white man must bearthe burden of civilizing colonial people of the world, if necessary against thewill of those people” so for the united state to be seem as a world power itmust spread its culture worldwide. He began by claiming Hawaii and making partof America and it helped participate in the pacific commerce and trade. Theunited state will continue to claim this island and influencing it with its wayof life and also establishing the same government as America. Beale believedthat the reason Roosevelt was doing this was to get involved in the Asiantrading market. America produced good worth 2 billion each year that isn’tconsumed by American’s, so his hope was to trade with the Asian countries forthe hopes they could trade with the united state good that couldn’t be producehere in the states.WithRoosevelt continuous establishment of international relationship across theworld including china.
When Roosevelt got into office, hestrove to make deals and agreements with nations across the world. One of the firstones he worked with was Canada/ Britain because of gold that was found inAlaska. It was only a territory at the time that America had claimed but was apart of Canada still.
There was much dispute as to what territory America ownedand what Canada owned. Originally siding with Canada, Britain later took sideswith America on this issue, Beale’s arguing that “These Anglo-Americannegotiations illustrated the extraordinary importance in this period of thekind of friendly contacts that existed between British and American publicmen”(131). Roosevelt established an early relationship with the king ofEngland, based on the fact that he could benefit America in very many ways.Beale says throughout chapter 3 that Roosevelt kept good relations with England,probably because of the fact that they were the most beneficial to them inestablishing agreements around the world.
When making agreements with India andEgypt, where they were under British rule, they were easier at coming toagreements on and helping America and Britain to prosper and become worldpowers. Chapter 5-6 dealt withRoosevelt and the world balance of power in the far east and in Europe. Chapter5 starts off with Roosevelt saying that nations will get closer together,either as friends or as enemies, but no matter what the case is, we cannotavoid responsibilities. Roosevelt felt that the Japanese navy was moreefficient than America’s in the 1890’s, because of how efficient and thefighting qualities that they had, Roosevelt saw them as being great allies. In1904, war broke out between China and Japan and although Japan started thatwar, the United States backed them up for a little bit of time. Roosevelt saidthat they were about balanced in power, but that Japan could have Korea as longas they guaranteed the protection of U.S.
concessions there. Japan would bekept out of China, the Russians could predominate in Manchuria if they followedan Open Door policy. Roosevelt worked hard to negotiate the end to theRusso-Japanese. Roosevelt and Japan both believed that they had won the war,but Russia did not want to admit defeat. Japan took many of the benefitsbecause they had a hard pressed economy. Roosevelt, while Japan struggled tocontrol Korea, were grabbing all the resources that they could lay their handson although Roosevelt eventually let Japan have Korea. These boycotts were to keep America from trading withChina but came to a halt when many of the boycott leaders came to therealization that without trading with America, it would affect their own trade.
Yet they did not come to terms easily, as the Chinese people and governmentwere still uneasy about the different acts that America had done. In Decemberof 1903, an American Admiral was mugged by a group of chinese; infuriated bythis, Roosevelt had a large naval force heading towards China because of this.The following February, Roosevelt “made a strong set of demands on the Chinesegovernment”(245).
But China did not agree to these demands and Beale claimsthat Roosevelt was a victim of his own colonialism. The Chinese’s newgovernment was more intellectual than Roosevelt and no new deals were made withChina because of that. Roosevelt preached on his campaign trail that “Commerceand the command of the Pacific will be factors of incalculable moment in theworld’s history”(172). He did not like the fact that Britain had made matterscomplicated with the Alaskan boundaries and the canal because issues andmatters with China were far more important in determining the world’s futurethan it was with Europe. Beale’s wrote that Roosevelt believed that if theUnited States could win them over become a “greater seat of wealth and powerthan ever was England, Rome, or Constantinople”(179). China was not very opento the United States, they were quite reclusive when it came to trade andcommerce, even after the open door policy was made.
China struggled to welcomeAmerica and American values and product to enter the country, there were manyboycotts occuring because of this and other laws in America such as the ChineseExclusion Act.Beale showed bias at thebeginning and end of the book as well as the beginning and of each chapter.Beale’s is bias towards Theodore Roosevelt.
This bias does not affect hiswriting much, due to the fact that he writes without bias in the meat of hiswriting, but when you read the beginning and the ends of the chapters. His mostconvincing pieces of evidence were when he would argue using quotes ofRoosevelt when he was angry, like in chapter 4 when he discusses why Rooseveltwas going to use or show force towards China in order for the United States toget what they wanted or when roosevelt had “made a strong set of demands on theChinese government”(245), quotes and phrases like that were the most convincingbecause of the authority that was used to get his point across. Beale used awide variety of sources to find all the information that he used in his writingpiece, which is why his book is filled with informations and has as much detailas it does.
Beale was very difficultto follow because of how in depth he got into the different topics that werediscussed. If he wouldn’t have gone into so much detail about every littlesection, his argument would have been easier to follow. Even if it was hard tofollow, he was consistent throughout the book.
There were times where he mighthave disagreed about something that Roosevelt said and act he made but he wasconsistent for the most paart. Bealetended to write his chapters based on a timeline, he would start the chapter orsection off with information before his terms in office and then during histerms in office. There was not too muchin the book that was also covered in the Tindall, but there was a little bit thatwas. Relations with Japan was one of the large similarities I found between thetwo books. The Tindall was more to the point on why the Russo-Japanese warstarted and Japan taking control of Korea, Beale dugout why the war started andabout Korea but he also included more details as to why it did. Tindall focusesmore on the who, what, when, where, why, and how’s than what Beale’s does, butBeale’s goes on to describe the little details and what was said and done aswell as the other events that were occuring.
Beale’s provided more context thatthe Tindall provided, but at times it could be too much and you got lost in thetext. Overall, that was the only similarity that I saw between the two books.Roosevelt view was veryinfluencial to america and the world as well, establishing america as a worldpower, forming deals and policies. Beale offered insight to the roosevelts mindand how he got america moving in the right direction, creating allies andcarving a better future for upcoming presidents,