According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) more than 2.5 million persons in CAR will probably need humanitarian assistance in 2018, 545.5k are being refugees and 633.3k are traced as Internally Displaced People in the Central African Republic.
The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) has an effective contribution towards the CAR since the conflict broke out. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is deeply concerned about the escalating humanitarian crisis in the Central African Republic and continued its humanitarian aid to support Central African Republic. On 5th December 2013, with strong UK support, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 2127 authorizing the deployment of the African-led International Support Mission to CAR (MISCA), and the deployment of French forces to give assistance. The UK’s key human rights objective in CAR in 2015 was to secure an end to the impunity that encourages such widespread abuse, through support to both security sector reform and elections. To this end, The British government supported the EU Military Advisory Mission, which provides the government of CAR with expert advice to reform the military, and provided diplomatic and financial support to the UN peacekeeping mission (MINUSCA). UK aid also supported programmes addressing the protection and health needs of victims of violence, and aiming to prevent human rights abuse.
An additional £7 million package of aid helped UN agencies and charities step up humanitarian support to people in desperate need in CAR or neighboring Cameroon where many have fled. The new funding includes : £3 million to the UN refugee agency UNHCR to help CAR refugee in Cameroon, £4 million for the UN’s Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) which enables aid agencies and charities on the ground to respond the most urgent humanitarian needs. Since fighting started in March 2013, the UK has provided £58 million in humanitarian aid to respond to the conflict in CAR. This is providing emergency food aid, clean water aid, sanitation, healthcare, shelter and livelihoods support to over 2.
5 million people inside the country and in neighboring countries. To address the issues of sexual exploitation and abuse by UN peacekeepers in the CAR the UN established Office of Internal Oversight Services- the United Nations (OIOS) to investigate, submit reports and recommend action on alleged abuses by UN peacekeepers must be confirmed. The adequate OIOS officers with the additional power should be appointed in the Central African Republic to investigate a multitude of allegations. To ensure proper medical services in rural areas, “Mobile Clinic Vans” can be sent to areas where medical facility is not sufficient. All the relevant UN agencies can work and coordinate together by appropriately ensuring cluster approach among them. For an effective regional integration, particularly for the free movement of persons to achieve the establishment of the Central African Economic and Monetary Community zone.
The United Nations Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOCA) must support that schema as well as capacity building in mediation, early warning collaboration with civil society and gender mainstreaming for the secretariat of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS). To reduce child mortality and protect children’s rights including not to involve in armed groups UNICEF should be funded as they demand. The regional military force and MINUSCA must collaborate to deter the armed conflict and remove the tension as early as possible