According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, nationalism has two basic definitions: “(1) the attitude that the members of a nation have when they care about their national identity, and (2) the actions that the members of a nation take when seeking to achieve (or sustain) self-determination.”3 “Cultural nationalism generally refers to ideas and practices that relate to the intended revival of a purported national community’s culture.”4Based on this ideology, the cultural property of each country consists a source of power for 3 “Nationalism”. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 15 Dec. 2015.
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/nationalism/4 Carol A. Roehrenbeck.
“Repatriation of Cultural Property. Who Owns the Past?”. International Journal of LegalInformation. 1 Jul. 2010. http://scholarship.
law.cornell.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1216&context=ijli the nation and needs to be used as such while underlying the national interests, benefits, values, mentality and pride.Moreover, it is supported that these artifacts should remain within the borders of the country where they were created and obtain a significant role “to cultural definition and expression, to shared identity and community”.5 Many countries choose to declare an ownership claim of all subsoil or underwater cultural property, which is located within the national boundaries, which may be either unknown or discovered, in order to protect their cultural artifactsBJh1 .BJh2 In the hope that by declaring the ownership claim their national artifacts could be preserved, those countries of origin reassure that the artifacts which were discovered will be hopefully protected since they will not be subjected to international commerce, which is admittedly often realized through exporting illegal excavated artifacts and works of art.
Additionally, it is possible to discourage the undocumented digging and looting, which destroy the archaeological sites and reduce the historical and functional coherence of the cultural artifacts with their region of origin. Furthermore, the repatriation of artifacts is characterized as a complex procedure and the request for repatriating those objects has to have a strong legal basis and not be based on alleged accusations or facts. BJh3 With regard to the artifacts which fall under the request of repatriation and have been excavated illegally, exported illegally and are considered by UNESCO as stolen property, it is usually considered that the above mentioned cultural property should be returned to its country of origin.The request for the return of the items which consist the cultural property of each country is a conflict which concerns the identity of each nation and its fundamental right of promoting these items as an ensign of this identity, as well as the history and mentality of each nationBJh4 . The repatriation of the cultural artifacts to their rightful owners, which usually in this care are countries, offers a great number of benefits for the “homelands” of these items. Briefly, by returning the artifacts to the countries where they were originally created, the cultural aspect of those countries becomes extremely evolved, as it is possible to safeguard the items, properly conserve them, benefit from the public frequentation in a financial point of view, enjoy the works of art in their functional and historical wholeness as they were originally created and satisfy the sentiments of pride and common history of the nation. Last but not least, the ownership claim of a country of origin could be a determinantBJh5 BJh1 BJh2Source please.
BJh3Elaborate please and cite your sources! BJh4Awkward phrasing BJh5Awkward phrasing