ABSTRACT

Home
computerization is strategy for controlling our home hold apparatuses,
refreshing the status of lights, fans, engines and different machines through
any remote control gadget or cell phones. Their ON/OFF status can be changed by
our want. Then again, in show time, PDAs including android and iPhones are
incredible creations of innovation. The ungainliness of hanging out alongside a
devoted remote control gadget or messaging a SMS for the reason has dependably
gotten pool of intrigue the client’s brain towards utilizing such frameworks.
Accordingly, in this movement we are presenting a savvy home and modern
computerization and observation framework in which we control our apparatuses
through an application introduced in our advanced mobile phone (Anwaarullah and
Altaf 2013) which utilizes the accessible Global System for Mobile (GSM)
highlights from any remote area inside our planet, subject to the accessibility
of GSM organize. At the end of the day the lumbering of conveying committed
separate remote control gadget and messaging the SMS has been disposed of. For
observation reason, we utilized a Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi) camera, which
transfers the photo or video spilling right away in any site or sends it to the
PC framework. Then again a similar reason can be accomplished by utilizing any
accessible programming which could enable imparting from any conclusion to
station to PC. Each of these thoughts is talked about in extraordinary detail
in the paper. The proposed look into work is exceptionally useful for the
layman and furthermore to make life more resplendent and extravagant.

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I.  INTRODUCTION

Home
automation is a method of controlling the house hold appliances using any
communication system from any location within the globe. The framework has
dependably pulled in the general population since it gives individuals simplicity
of controlling their home hold apparatuses and businesses regardless of whether
they are physically not present there. The concept of Automation is not new one
many automation systems have already been put into operation and are being used
now a days. One of the famous ones includes ‘Remote Control Home Automation
System via Bluetooth home Network’ (Anwarullah and Altaf 2013) or ordinary
mobile phones for communication, such as proposed by (Isa and Sklavos 2016).  Along with the ease of use there are couples
of downsides of utilizing such frameworks. Most importantly, if a different
remote control is committed with the end goal of mechanization, at that point
client needed to convey that different gadget with him and such a training
isn’t valued by the client, and also if the customary cell phones are utilized
for speaking with machines, at that point the client needed to content a SMS
each time for speaking with apparatuses, the clients are again hesitant to
utilize such frameworks because of an additional exertion required. Keeping
these disadvantages in thought, we are presenting a similar idea utilizing an Android
or Apple Application (Jadhav, Chaudhari and Vavele 2014).

 A similar correspondence which
prior was finished utilizing the remote control or SMS is currently done
through an application introduced in PDA. Android is a working framework which
is every now and again being utilized as a part of a large portion of the PDAs
and it has been a wellspring of fascination for countless over the globe due to
its different highlights. The advanced mobile phones (Kumar and Tiwari 2015),
which the general population are now utilizing for different purposes including
the video and voice calls, web, Short Messaging Service (SMS) and other
extremely valuable applications being presented each day
(Tariq, Rashid and Khan 2015) would now be able to utilize it for dealing with
their home apparatuses and even the entire business. In a nutshell, the entire
home and the industry are under the control of the single touch of the
proprietor.  The framework under
consideration has a very reasonable cost and can be implemented and modified
with ease by very minor changes in its core design.

Many people have
been attracted towards the simplicity and assurance of the security of the
apparatuses the model provides to its clients even when they are miles apart
with their belongings. There won’t be any need of messaging the SMS each time
or some other devoted system foundation, in light of the fact that the entire
correspondence is proposed to be done over the accessible GSM or Wi-Fi arrange
(Satria, Budiharto and Wulandhari 2015).

 

II.  SYSTEM HARDWARE DESIGN

 

Following is the list of components
used in the hardware design.

1. GSM Module SIM 300/900 DZ

2. PIC Microcontroller (PIC 16f877A
or PIC 18f452)

3. Transistors (C1383)

4. Relays (12v) 

As a digital
circuit is fairly easy all of the coding used in the micro controller, the
heart of the circuit is done in C language. Then our circuit proceeds towards
the second junction which is called the Transistor-Transistor Logic. This is
the junction where the signals are received and deciphered into a language of
filters such that the rest of the circuit can understand. These signals are
forwarded to the micro controller which sends the instructions to a specific
part of the circuit which will perform its certain task. The couplings and the
relays are two of those specific parts of the circuit which carry out their
tasks and forward their outcome to the SIM MODULE which again converts the set
of instructions it has received into the language it was before and forwards
those instructions to the GSM MODULE, which either turns on or turns on the
circuit (Isa and Sklavos 2016).

The Receiving
module used in this system is either SIM 300 DZ or SIM 900 DZ (Yeol Lee and
Weon Choi 2003) both belong to ‘SIMCom Wireless Solutions’. The operating
voltage ranges from 3.6 to 4.5 volts. For communicating with GSM module few AT
Commands are required to be used.

The list of AT
Commands is depicted in Table 1.

 

 AT Commands Sr.

AT Commands

The Function of AT Command

1

ATD

Dial

2

AT+CGMS

Send SMS Message

3

AT+CMSS

Send SMS Message from Storage

4

AT+CMGL

List SMS Message

5

AT+CMGR

Read SMS Message

6

AT+CSCA

Service Centre Address

7

AT+CPMS

To Choose Storage from ME or SM

8

AT+IPR=0

To Choose Auto Baud Rate

9

AT+CMGF=

To Choose PDU mode

 

 

As appeared in
Figure 1, GSM module is serially interfaced with PIC Microcontroller and since
both work on the same TTL rationale along these lines, there is no need of
level shifter or any RS232 convention to bring the similarity between them. Be
that as it may, for reproduction reason, as a result of the non-accessibility
of GSM module in Proteus, we needed to utilize a virtual terminal rather than
GSM module and for doing the correspondence between the virtual terminal and
Microcontroller, RS232 convention must be taken after and henceforth we needed to
utilize MAX232 . The transfers and opto couplers are additionally utilized for
assurance and exchanging reason.

 

 

 

 

III. PROTECTION OF THE SYSTEM

 

The security of
the framework has been given a lot of significance. A three level security
confirmation is utilized. Above all else, the application is ensured by means
of a password given by the engineer of the framework, which implies that lone
approved clients will have the capacity to dispatch the application regardless
of whether the telephone is stolen. What’s more, the framework at the less than
desirable end checks that the data it has gotten is from the approved client.
The client is distinguished from the versatile number. Also, ultimately, to
prevent the framework to be worked by sending the data by means of instant
messages, the data is encoded and the key is known to the microcontroller at
the less than desirable end with the goal that it could decode the data back.
The method of encryption and the key is kept avoided the client.

IV. SIMULATION

 

The
simulation of the projected system is carried out on Proteus (a proprietary
software tool suit used primarily for electronic design automation), as shown
in Figure 2. The hex file generated by any Universal Journal of Electrical and
Electronic Engineering 3(4): 125-131, 2015 127 microcontroller compiler like
Mikro C or Hi-Tech is loaded in the microcontroller which is coupled with a
bulb and Hyper terminal through some electronic circuitry, relays and MAX 232
for level conversion. Because of the inaccessibility of GSM module and advanced
cell in Proteus, the correspondence is helped out through Virtual Terminal. The
encoded data along with the proprietor’s number is entered in the virtual
terminal and is moved in the microcontroller by MAX232. Here MAX 232 is
utilized under convention RS232 to give similarity between TTL rationale of
microcontroller and RS232 rationale of virtual terminal. When the code is
written on the virtual terminal, the knob connected with the RB0 works as needs
be. The depiction of the reenactment is appeared in Figure 2.

 

 

 

V.   PROGRESS OF THE APPLICATION

 

The
improvement of the application is one of the real parts of the proposed
framework, since it the sole reason which recognizes the framework from already
executed and accessible such frameworks. There were a lot of things which were
considered before picking the proper Integrated Development Environment (IDE)
among the accessible ones. We pick Eclipse IDE for the application advancement
reason. There was predominantly couple of purposes behind picking this IDE.
Above all else, it gives ‘Simplified Facility’ for developing the application
format, as appeared in Figure 3.

Furthermore,
it gives a Built-in Android Virtual Device (AVD) called ‘Emulator’ for testing
the application amid the advancement and investigating reason. An emulator is a
virtual advanced cell accessible in the IDE for testing the application. The
depiction of the Emulator is appeared in Figure 4.

 

 

 

After the right
secret word is entered, a moment GUI is shown, which has the rundown of all the
house hold or modern apparatuses in the drop down menu. The client chooses the
apparatus, sets the flip On/Off catch and taps on send catch. The client can
see the ON/OFF gadgets from the screen of the versatile which make it more
agreeable to make choice of exchanging the gadgets. Along these lines, we can
switch ON/OFF any gadget while driving or sitting in remote zones.

Each
time this movement is played out, a SMS is sent to the getting module
containing the encoded data about the position of chose thing in the drop down
menu and flip catch, which is unscrambled by the microcontroller associated
with the accepting module and controller works as needs be.

VI. METHODOLOGY

The
type of research used is applied and quantitative research. The data obtained
is on the basis of experiments and practical observations and is done in order
to facilitate industrial, commercial and local users by bringing advancements
in the field of automation. The instrument used for conducting research
includes online available material, microcontrollers, IC’s, relays, driver
units, various research papers etc. We have conducted our search about
automation by working in various fields including industrial sector, home appliances, banks, security
systems etc.

VII. LITERATURE REVIEW

The literature work regarding this research
topic has been reviewed for last twenty years in order to find out work carried
out by various researchers. There are various types of system for remote
monitoring and control which are designed as commercial products or
experimental research platforms. It is generally observed that most of the
research carried out belongs to the following categories:

·        
Internet
Monitoring using Servers, GPRS modems.

·        
GSM-SMS
protocols using GSM module separately or in combination with Internet.

·        
Wireless
monitoring using Wireless Sensor Networks.

·        
Wireless
Monitoring using sensors, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi and RF(radio frequency).

·        
Applications
have vast scope in Home Automation, Security Systems, Bio-medical applications,
Agricultural sector, Environment, Bridge health monitoring etc.

 

 

VIII.   
FUTURE
ASPECTS OF THE PROJECT

The future applications of the project are very great considering the
amount of time and resources it saves. It can be used as a reference or as a
base for realizing a scheme to be implemented in other projects of higher level
such as weather forecasting, temperature updates, device synchronization etc.
The project itself can be modified in order to achieve a complete Home
Automation System which will then create a platform for the interaction between
user and the appliances (Kumar and Tiwari 2015). The future system will be
consisting of a small box combining the microcontroller and GSM Module whose
hardware will be self contained and cannot be susceptible to electric failure.
The device will have its UPS and charging system. This system is developed for
mobile reporting application only but it also can be interfaced to computer
system to record and process data base (Satria, Budiharto and Wulandhari 2015).
The following chart shows comparison between various countries on the basis of
adoption of automation technology and growth in this sector:

IX.   
CONCLUSION

The
framework that we exhibited in this venture was a demo, and it can be
effectively introduced in any home, office or businesses. The application and
the infra-structure will require some minor alterations and the reconnaissance
and security of the home maybe refined with some more endeavors. Dissimilar to
beforehand outlined and executed robotized frameworks there is no weight of
conveying the different remote controller or messaging the SMS at whatever
point there is need of exchanging the apparatuses. In the equipment execution
of the proposed framework, we figured out how to control eight unique
apparatuses from our introduced application. At whatever point we want, we can
check the present status of our apparatuses right in our advanced mobile phone
through a basic working application. This framework isn’t just for house hold
apparatuses it can be utilized for mechanical mechanization also and security
of substantial and costly hardware. This entire system is done through GSM
network (Tariq, Rashid and Khan 2015). A similar correspondence should be
possible over Wi-Fi organize by utilizing Wi-Fi module rather than GSM module.
Additionally a client can get a caution through there advanced cell with a few
sensors introduced in the home, similar to warnings about the fire, alert, or
gas spillage. We are getting greater possibility by introducing the proposed
framework in our homes or in businesses. The framework cost is low and the
upsides of the framework are similarly high. By utilizing the proposed framework,
we can make our life more lavish and change the method for living.

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