Abstract The more we conduct our lives online – shopping, socializing and sharing information,the more digital rights gain its importance .The reason I chose the topic of digital rights is because although we have the right to privacy and freedom in the digital world, we do have a responsibility to use it wisely and respect the works of others.
This research project firstly focuses on the general overview of digital rights and its importance,then it contrasts the digital rights and responsibilities.The second part of the project concentrates on the copyright laws and in the end it gives a real case related to copyright.Methodology Firstly, the research is based mainly in foreign literature because it was difficult to find materials in Albanian. Secondly, it’s used an analytical research which means I studied facts and other useful information and then analyzed them. This is closer to a deductive method.The data collection is mostly made focusing on the internet sources.IntroductionNowadays, as the internet is expanding its functions more and more, our lives are being tremendosly conducted by it. Now it’s easier to shop, socialize and share information through the large number of softwares and websites that programmers around the world are developing constantly.
But along with it, a concern that really matters is our digital rights, particularly the rights to privacy and freedom of expression. Digital rights are basically human rights in the internet era, the rights to online privacy and freedom of expression to use all types of digital technology while using the technology in an acceptable and appropriate manner. Digital rights can be related to digital citizenship and digital access.Digital citizenship can be defined as the norms of appropriate, responsible behavior with regard to technology use. Digital Access: full electronic participation in society. Technology users need to be aware that not everyone has the same opportunities when it comes to technology.Digital rights and responsibilityAlmost everything we do is based on rules .
Rules are found everywhere and definitely they improve human’s behaviour and communications in different situations. Even though there are lists with incredible numbers of rules, there is still need to teach students the values of respect ,responsibility and integrity and mainly when it comes to acquiring material or communicating in the digital sense. If students are constantly taught how to be digitally respectful in and out the class , then they are taught how to be original and come with new ideas . Being sticked to copy and paste every material you find on the internet leads you to nothing but cheating yourself and the teachers that you did something you really didn’t do. But not only that! It also contributes to lazyness and develops a poor society of students who find it easier coming with something that was done by someone else than bringing and expressing their real opinions on different topics. That’s why this kind of education begins from teacher’s responsibility. They should be the first ones to take control of this situation.
They should teach students how to cite the works of others in the appropriate way. It’s not considered a bad choice to use someone’s work as a resource but always giving proper credit to that person . This is how a responsible citizen should really act.
. Plagiarism has been an increasing issue in schools and colleges. It’s a type of behavior where you don’t respect the rights of others, which in this case means their work.Being digitally respectful, also means staying away and also helping to prevent the media of cyber bullying through texting, facebook, and other social media. Unfortunately there have been terrible outcomes and consequences due to this type of harrassing communication.
In some cases the bullying was so bad, that students have taken their lives just to put an end to the harassment. Students should not only understand that they not acting responsibile and respectful, but unlawful. They need to be aware that this type of behavior is unacceptable and they will be reprimanded and prosecuted if caught.Another ongoing problem on our society is downloading of music and videos ilegally.
Students need to understand that this is not only disrespectful to the artists and producing companies, but it is against the law. Here is a list of digital rights and responsibilities in the digital sense:Digital Rights:• Right to freedom of expression• Right to privacy• Right to credit for personal works• Right to digital access• Right to our identity Digital Responsibilities:• Responsibility to report bullying, harassing, sexting, or identity theft• Responsibility to cite works used for resources and researching• Responsibility to download music, videos, and other material legally• Responsibility to model and teach student expectations of technology use• Responsibility to keep data/information safe from hackers• Responsibility not to falsify our identity in any wayDigital rights as lawWhen you mention the term “rights” you think of some basic legal implications: a right to free speech, a right to own property, a right to vote etc. Therefore the term digital rights has a similarity of law-ness, but rights relating to digital resources are not well defined. Copyright law is nearly silent on the new world of digital resources and of course it needs to be improved. The WIPO Copyright Treaty, signed by nearly 60 nations that participate in the World Intellectual Property Organization, introduced some specific protections that are particular to computer files. This treaty added agreements about digital resources which include:1) a ban on circumventing technological protection measures on file, such as encryption and password protection; 2) a ban on removing any Rights Management Information from a digital resource such as terms of conditions of use, but also including information that identifies the work such as the author or title;3) a declaration that a compilation of data, such as a database, can be considered an intellectual creation and thus receive copyright protection.U.S.
law dedicates a section to computer programs which allows owners of computer programs to make normal backup copies so that a program can be restored if there are hardware or software problems that cause its loss. None of these laws really addresses the unique properties of digital resources, especially in relation to copying and distribution.The lack of laws relating to digital materials should not be taken to mean that such laws are not needed. Many countries are in the process of modifying their intellectual property laws to take the special properties of digital materials into account. In Europe there is a strong movement to recognize the role of digital materials as this generation’s cultural expression, and to include digital materials in the legal deposit activities that support the public archive held by the national library. In the United States, the Library of Congress has formed a committee to study the library preservation exceptions in section 108 of US copyright law in light of the need to preserve digital materials and the desire to use digitization of analog materials for preservation. Hopefully sometime in the future we will have more of a sense of how “rights” and “digital” can complement each other but for the moment, the picture is fairly unclear.
Vernor v. Autodesk ( 2010)This case illustrates the tension between copyright holders’ desire to protect their works and the consumer’s belief and desire to have full rights in the product they’ve paid for, including the right to exercise the First-Sale Doctrine. Timothy Vernor purchased a copy of Autodesk’s software at a yard sale, and subsequently listed the software for sale on eBay. Autodesk requested that the listing be removed, which prompted this suit.
Autodesk premised their argument on the claim that the software itself was never actually sold to consumers, only a license to use the software. Vernor countered with the argument that he had never actually installed the software itself or purchased the software from Autodesk, and therefore was not subject to any licensing agreements or restrictions.The court sided with Autodesk, despite the above argument. The opinion states that Autodesk only sells a license to use the work, and that the original owner of the work was not entitled to sell that license to Vernor in the first place, meaning that there had not been a transfer of title. Vernor, therefore, was not entitled to sell what he did not rightly own, and was precluded from listing the software for sale on eBay.The court premised its ruling on the holding that “a software user is a licensee rather than an owner of a copy where the copyright owner (1) specifies that the user is granted a license; (2) significantly restricts the user’s ability to transfer the software; and (3) imposes notable use restrictions.” Conclusions? Digital rights are basically human rights in the internet era, and teaching students and the youth how to use the technology in an acceptable and appropriate manner should be imposed by teachers in schools and colleges.? Texting, facebook, and other social media are sources where most of the teenagers are bullied by their peers, so being digitally respectful, also means staying away and also helping to prevent the media of cyber bullying? Downloading of music and videos illegally is an ongoing problem,that is not only disrespectful to the artists and producing companies, but it is also against the law.
There must be strict warnings on this subject .? Another significant conclusion we get from the case , is that you cannot own a copy of a product fully in the sense of copyright that are allowed to resell it online when the contract doesn’t state it. ? Copyright law is nearly silent on the new world of digital resources and of course it needs to be improved. The lack of laws should not be taken as they are not needed.