This paper educates the readers about the
risk management techniques that can help avoid the air incidents. Few of the
deadliest air crashes including the Tenerife disaster 1977, Japanese Airlines flight
123 1985 and Charkhi Dadri midair collision were taken into consideration to
chalk down the errors and lethal mistakes on the part of pilots, technical
flaws and the events that led to catastrophe. In the light of the errors that
led to the severe consequences the risk management system is devised with an
objective to avoid such accidents in the future.

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History has witnessed a lot of air crash
incidents over the years and when the air crash investigators were called on to
search for the cause of the crashes they made startling claims and
interestingly in all the cases a chain of mistakes at the smaller and larger
level when amplified led to severe consequences. To deal with these disasters
it is critical to understand the regularities that have combined together to
give out so massive consequences in the form of precious lives and high scale
financial loses for the companies. The tentative accidents causes primarily
include the negligence from daily routine checks, responding to more habitual
ways in emergency situations demanding extraordinary actions, communication
barriers between the air traffic controllers and the pilots and the problems in
the speech exchange systems. This paper gives about a brief account of the
common mistakes and errors that have been pivotal in the unfortunate plane
crashes and the suggested solution and the necessary course of action is
devised to help curb these accidents.

Discussion and methodology:

Before jumping directly to the risk
management system it is critical to understand the factors that can play their
role to create worse circumstances and endanger the lives of many. So the
following account gives the common causes contributing to the catastrophe.

1)    Undue
interruptions in the normal routine operations of aircrafts

the case of bad weather or subject to no clearance from the airport due to
severe weather conditions sometimes the airplanes are made to change their
routes and destinations so the flight crew and the air traffic controllers face
the interruptions in their routines which they are probably not accustomed to.
Also the weather has been a prime factor playing its part in this scenario due
to which the pilots have to do split second decisions at the right times and
little mistakes here lead to grave consequences.

2)    Stress
and duty crew times

factors such as personal family problems, the delayed flight schedules,
inability to take right decisions under stress and the fatigue factor have
always been the prime considerations of the researchers after the unfortunate
air crashes over the period of time. Interestingly the fatigue factor has been
found has a major cause of most of the incidents happened in the history. Due
to a very hectic schedule of flights the pilots have been found vague and uncertain
about their decisions in the critical situations causing severe blunders as
asserted by the psychologists in many airplane crash investigations post air

3)    Miscommunication
between the pilots and the air traffic controllers

that has been pursued post air crashes have also pointed towards the
miscommunication between the pilots and the air traffic controllers as a major
factor. Chakri Dadri mid-air collision one of the worst avionics incidents ever
recorded of the Saudi airline and the kazak airline has been a consequence of
the kazak airline’s pilot not following the instruction of the pilot related to
the altitude level of the airplane resulting in both the airplanes located in
the same air space and ultimately went on to crash into each other resultantly
losing 349 lives. So the instructions of the ATC are critical to be understood
in a proper way and responded accordingly to curb disasters.

4)    Routine
checks before take off

of the plane before the take-off holds key as the engineers check whether the
plane’s engine, sensors, pitot tubes and the electronic components are working
properly and are good enough for the plane to take off. In case there are
doubts over any of the aforementioned points the plane is not cleared to take off
unless cleared. After this the pilots and the co-pilots have to check for the
routine checks involving the de-icing of the wings in case of snow, setting
oxygen levels to auto and inputting the correct longitudinal and latitudinal
details within the navigation system. Negligence to any of these routine check
could lead to grave consequences and has led to over the years.















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