Abstract                                                                                      

            There are many different factors that contribute to the murderer’s conduct for each specific case might be helpful when determining the most appropriate way the criminals should be treated through the criminal justice system. There are various reasons why Murderers might decide to kill, including but not limited to passion, anger, and greed. Murderers’ conducts may be influenced by many environmental, psychological, and biological factors. This paper will describe the convicted murderer Rodney Alcala. This paper will describe any social, environmental, psychological, and/or biological factors that may have contributed to the murderer’s behavior and explain how.

                                  Application: Contributing Factors to Murder  

             Rodney Alcala was a serial murderer and rapist. Rodney Alcala found fame by winning a TV dating show (Saatchi, 2014). Rodney Alcala has a history of violence and committing sex crimes. Rodney was a convicted rapist and registered sex offender before he even started to commit murders. Rodney Alcala committed his first known crime in 1968. Rodney Alcala was spotted luring an eight-year-old girl into his apartment, and his suspicious manner alerted a bystander to call the police (Saatchi, 2014). The girl was found raped and beaten; Rodney Alcala was nowhere to be found.  The little girl’s parents moved their entire family to Mexico and refused to testify in court. Rodney Alcala crimes continued and detectives estimated he could have murdered anywhere between 50 and 100 women.

            Rodney Alcala was born Rodrigo Jacques Alcala Buquor in San Antonio, Texas, to Raoul Alcala Buquor and Anna Maria Gutierrez (Sands, 2011). Rodney father abandoned the family and his mother moved Rodney and his sisters to suburban Los Angeles when he was about 12 years old (Sands, 2011). Rodney socioeconomic played a role in his risk factors because Rodney had a broken family due to his biological father being absent. One types of childhood environment that produced Rodney Alcala to become a serial killer is the stress from his overbearing mother. Rodney’s mother, Anna Maria Gutierrez knew the crimes her son committed, but chose to send him away to another state instead of getting the treatment Rodney needed.

            There is a different type of psychological factors known as being connected with criminal and delinquent involvement. Individuals who influence these factors are considered endangered for participating in violent actions, many of which are offender. Some of the most outstanding psychological factors connected to crime are callousness, lack of empathy, and narcissism. Self-control, impulsivity, and even cognitive abilities are connected with criminal behavior. Recognizing the factors most connected to criminal behavior can assist in predicting crime and treatment of criminal offenders. Rodney joined the U.S. Army in 1960, at age 17, where he served as a clerk (Sands, 2011). Rodney had a nervous breakdown in 1964 and he was diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder by a military psychiatrist and discharged on medical grounds (Sands, 2011). Rodney was later diagnosed with narcissistic personality disorder, borderline personality disorder, and evil narcissistic personality disorder with psychopathy and sexual sadism by psychiatric experts at his trials (Sands, 2011).

            The brain development and functioning is an important biological factor. According to Wright and Beaver (2012), “the lack of empathy which is the primary controlling emotion is absent in psychopaths and that its absence is due to problems associated with amygdala responses” (p.117). The orbital frontal cortex is essential to prosocial human behavior.  Once strong emotions are met, the primary limbic impulse may act violently or aggressively. The discrepancies in the cortex will permit those impulses to emerge in the form of violent behavior. According to Wright and Beaver (2012), sex, brain structure and functioning, and neurotransmission play a key role in developing the expression of criminogenic traits such as low self-control, narcissistic, psychopathic, low empathy, and aggression. The attentiveness of these traits within a person, normally male, raises the probability that he will participate in predatory behavior for a great deal of his life (Wright & Beaver, 2012).                                         

             The two most important psychological theories that may explain Rodney’s crimes are personality and antisocial behaviors. Crimes may result from abnormal, dysfunctional or inappropriate experienced that shaped one’s personality.  Rodney’s crime resulted from having a dysfunctional family structure while living an abnormal life which drove him to commit these violent crimes. The traits most relevant to antisocial behavior could understand from the perspective of the domains of agreeableness, conscientiousness, and neuroticism (Jones, Miller, & Lynam, 2011). Rodney Alcala experienced neuroticism because he had the tendency to experience negative emotions such as depression, shame, stress (Jones, Miller, & Lynam, 2011). Rodney experienced extraversion because he had the tendency to seek the company of others by raping women. Rodney experienced the openness to experience agreeableness from his interpersonal strategies and reactions (Jones, Miller, & Lynam, 2011).

                                                              Conclusion

            The different factors that contribute to the murderer’s conduct for each specific case might be beneficial when deciding the most appropriate way the criminals must be treated twwehrough the criminal justice system. Passion, anger, and greed influence the many different reasons why murderers might decide to kill. Murderers’ conducts can be influence by many environmental, psychological, and biological factors. This paper described the convicted murderer Rodney Alcala. This paper described any social, environmental, psychological, and/or biological factors that may have contributed to the murderer’s behavior and explain how.

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