ABdurhman ALwafi

Prof, Marvin

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Book II of Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics

The Book II of Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics has covered
various ideas that are interesting based on the meanings that they have. Book
II mainly deals with the issue of virtue in multiple forms and understanding.
The first idea in Book II that is interesting is the main idea that surrounds
the concept of virtue. Aristotle indicates that virtue is mainly in two
categories and that is the moral and intellectual virtue. Intellectual virtue
is rooted in teachings, and moral is based on habit. The two divisions make it
easier to understand the concept as it eliminates any ambiguity.

The second main idea covered in Book II is about the signs
involved in characters about the pleasure and pains that are experienced during
various acts. In this situation, Aristotle indicates that excellence that is
tied to morality is based on the pains and pleasures that one has. Aristotle
further suggests that a brave individual is one who is against things considered
to be terrible and at the same time finds delights in such a stand. In this
situation, I think that Aristotle indicates that brave people are only those
who can challenge any action that they deem to be terrible and feel happy about
it. It is true argued because standing for what one feels is right even if it
is unpopular shows bravery.

The third idea in the book that is interesting is regarding
the issue of being temperate and just. Aristotle argues that the agent who does
an action must meet certain conditions when executing the act. Aristotle
reveals that one must know to choose an act that is mainly for their sake.
Also, the action that one takes must be based on a character that is firm and
unchangeable. Hence, actions are either just or temperate because just and
temperate men do them. This is an idea that makes sense based on my
understanding. It indicates that the actions that one takes are based on how
they are.

The fourth idea contained in the book is regarding the
description that is given to virtue which is based on the sort of the state of
the character involved. Aristotle argues that the virtue that a person is
engaged in reflects the state of character that enables such a person to be
good and also that allows him to execute his work flawlessly. This reveals that
one can good based on the condition that they are in. Based on my
understanding, if someone is happy, then they can be involved in activities
that bring happiness.

last main idea that has been captured in the book is about the existence of
three types of disposition. The three types are excess, deficiency and a
virtue, viz. The threes aspect are opposed to each other. It shows that where
one position dictates how they view other people. I agree with Aristotle in
that a coward will view a brave man as being rash and a brave man will also
consider a coward as being rash. Hence, I believe Aristotle is saying that we
judge people based on the conditions that were are in.



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