Aphysician’s involvement in a patient’s death is very controversial and complex.The topic is so sensitive, that various terms and purposes are used to describethis action.
The terms associated with a physician’s assistance in willingpatients to die include physician assisted suicide also known as”physician-assistance in death” and Euthanasia. It strikes me that inour society euthanasia is still legal in some states despite the controversyagainst the issue. One of the most notable cases has been Terry Schiavo. Awomen left in a vegetated state for 15 years, until the machine keeping heralive was disconnected through a court order dispute between her husband andparents. In America, both the old and young should try everything possible tolive. The logic of assisted suicide leads to euthanasia because if “compassion”demands that some patients be helped to kill themselves, it makes little senseto claim that only those who are capable of self-administering the deadly drugsbe given this option.
Physicianassisted suicide and euthanasia is not a new practice because human sufferinghas always existed. According to a recent study, 57% of physicians practicingtoday have received a request for physician-assisted suicide in some form oranother (Endlink, 2004). According to medical ethics , Physician assistedsuicide is defined as “the physician lets the patient die by refrainingfrom interventions which would be useless in any case, in accordance with thewishes of the patient.” On the other hand, Euthanasia is active voluntary:”the physician intentionally kills the patient in accordance with thewishes of the patient, in a relatively quick and painless way for reasons ofmercy.
“(University of Illinois at Chicago, 2013) Both of these procedures havesimilar goals, but they differ in whether or not the physician participates inthe action that finally ends life. Ipersonally disagree physician assisted suicide and euthanasia. Physiciansshould be bound by oath to preserve life, no matter what the patient desires.If we enable physicians to assist willing patients to die, it would cause majorproblems. Discrimination and abuse will flourish, those who are most vulnerableto abuse will be the elderly, poor, and the uneducated. Those who are elderlywill most likely be victims of abuse and error because they usually lack familymembers and are least empowered to make decisions. The poor don’t have thefunds to afford medicine, treatment, and healthcare. Those who are leasteducated will lack understanding of thesickness they suffer from.
For example, a patient can be told they have adisease that is life- threatening, when in reality they have a chance tosurvive. The lack of knowledge can influence a choice to assisted suicide. Peopleargue that physician assisted suicide and euthanasia is not a crime because thevictim is a willing participant. The physician is just an intermediate anhelping the patient escape suffering and illness in a painless and swiftmanner. Patients can also die with dignity, instead of having illness weakenthem and reduce them to a vegetative state. Most patients who choose aphysician’s assistance to die are suffering with life-threatening illnessesthat have no remedy.
Certain types of diseases cause slow agonizing deaths inwhich the patient can experiences chronic brain damage causing them to losebasic motor skills. Urine, feces, odor, and other indignities have to beattended by family members and nurses. With physician assisted suicide andeuthanasia, the patient can say proper farewells, reducing pain and anguishfamilies usually experience when a member passes away and the avoid indignitiesassociated with chronic illnesses.Enablingphysician assisted suicide and euthanasia can reduce healthcare cost bylowering insurance and preserving estate. According to a source, premiums inhealthcare cost between 50,000 and 100,000 to keep patients in life support.(BalancePolitics, 2013) That’s funds patients and their families are paying forminimal chances of the patient surviving. If the patient wishes to pass away,the funds can be diverted to patients who can be saved or it can be used toprovide family members with inheritance. A scholarly article suggest, “AsMedicare, Medicare, and other government programs accelerate the United Statestowards bankruptcy, anything that causes a decrease in total costs must be aconsideration.
“(BalancePolitics, 2013)Whenweighing out the different perspectives of allowing physicians to assist patients to die in order to end their painor disability you a get deeper appreciation of the critical issue under review.Do the reasons why the action should remain illegal outnumber the benefits itwould bring if legalized? The evidence that physician assistance suicide causesmore harm than good is clear. Citizen and policy maker needs to take a standand unite against physician assisted suicide. A federal legislation reformbanning such unethical acts should be implemented. Physicians have the moraland professional responsibility to always care, never kill. ? WorkedCitedIntroduction toPhysician-Assisted Suicide.
(n.d.). Retrieved from EndLink website: http://endlink.lurie.
northwestern.edu/physician_assisted_suicide_debate/what.cfm#What%20is%20Physician-Assisted%20Suicide?Should an incurably-illpatient be able to commit physician-assisted suicide. (n.d.).
Retrievedfrom http://www.balancedpolitics.org/assisted_suicide.htmUniversityof Illinois at Chicago.
(n.d.). Retrieved fromhttp://www.uic.edu/depts/mcam/ethics/suicide.htm