Quote or paraphrase one
passage that you disagree with or that confuses you and explain your
disagreement or confusion. Truthfully, I really didn’t agree with anything in
this article, because it stated everything in a way that makes you agree with
Quote or paraphrase one
passage that you agree with and explain why you agree with this passage.
“Ignorance is not necessarily evil-it can be innocent. But it seems to be
something we all grow out of, to put behind us in the process of generating
knowledge.” (6) I agree with this, because as were young we don’t know much
about anything which makes us innocent to knowing bad things in life. As we
grow older we become more aware of our surrounding and learn we don’t live in a
the topic (noun): Ignorance
the main idea in one sentence (must include an active verb: The study and spread of the different
degrees of ignorance and how it affects us in todays society.
is the purpose of the work (e.g., argument, narrative, commentary, etc.) and
how does the author identify that purpose? This article is meant to argue
the different degrees of ignorance throughout this article.
and explain the original intended audience as stated (or implied)
by the author: The original
audience were college students and professors at Stanford University, but
broadens his audience to everyone/anyone else in the world.
the pronouns that the author uses and identify to whom the
pronouns refer (i.e., who is who and to whom?). The author uses
“we” by adding himself to the
audience to make a connection with the readers and making them feel
closer to him and his argument. “We need to think about the conscious,”
four words or phrases that you used to identify the audience. We, our,
us and society
three words or phrases (not “the,” “a/an,” or prepositions) that are
repeated throughout the text and explain how they relate to the text’s
main idea. “Ignorance” is a key word that is repeated throughout the
book, because it is the topic. “Science,” is used to help back up Porters
claims and facts he uses to help get his argument across. Another word
used a lot is “agnotology” which is the study of ignorance. Agnotology is
used frequently because it is the main idea of this article.
how and where the author(s) employs obvious (e.g., headings, subheadings,
lists, labels, bullets, etc.) or subtle structural cues (e.g.,
subject transitions) Proctor uses both heading and subheading to let the
reader know when he is switching over to another topic.
any narratives (stories, anecdotes) and state their purpose.
Proctor uses an educated language and uses facts and proof to help defend
the points he makes. When Proctor talks about the big Tabaco companies he
talks precisely about the marketing tools that are being used and the
health defects that are caused by this company. By using this educated
language to inform readers he is able to trigger an emotional response to
any figurative language (e.g., metaphors, allusions, personification) and
state its purpose. Porter uses
metaphors to describe portray how ignorance sucks up the space we have
for knowledge. “insofar as ignorace becomes a kind of vacuum or hallow
space into which knowledge is pulled,”
is the author/what is the author’s profession/background? The author is
Robert N. Proctor. Proctor’s is a professor at Stanford University and
studies American historians of Science.
which source text was the reading originally published, printed,
or produced? This article was originally published by Sanford University
is the original date of publication? Original publication date was
one or two significant historical circumstances of the text’s production.
One historically significant situation in the article is when Proctor
discusses the tobacco industry’s history and having to hire historians to override
what was being said about the history of tobacco in 2005.