1. IntroductionTransportationmeans carrying people and goods from one place to another through varioussystem of transport. The main purpose of this report is to focus on the transportationsystem in Nepal and determine the severity of such issues by providing thesustainable solutions. Although there are different types of transport, Nepalhas developed only roadways and airways due to its physical features andeconomic backwardness.
Since roadways are cheaper than airways, most of thepeople prefer roadways which cause the road accident as well as serious problemon environment. Also this report provides a historical background about use oftransportation and describes the current status as well as impact on futuregenerations. 2. MethodForthis research report secondary data were used, different information fromvarious website, news features, journal and magazine articles. Although othersources were used for general information, the main sources were from thewebsite “IMNEPAL.COM”, “Slide Share”, “The World Bank”, and from online newsarticle “The Rising Nepal”. 3. Case study3.
1 HistoricalbackgroundThehistory of road developed in Nepal is not a very long period. Transportationsystem has shown its high priority in all development policy. Bastola (2015)points out that ‘history of road in Nepal can be divided into three periods: 1.DuringRana Regime or before Democracy of 1951 A.D. 2.Between (1951to 1970) A.D.
3.After1970 A.D (formation and continuation of road development strategy)’. In 1924 thefirst motor able road was constructed in Kathmandu valley and the road lengthof the country was just 376 km in 1950s.The length was same till 1992 where outof total, 150 km were considered to be in poor condition. Before 1960, totransport bulk of goods human labour and animals were used. Since then the building of pavedroads has made the transportation of goods and people more reliable althoughthe infrastructure remained underdeveloped. By the early 1990s, however the major modes of transportationwere by road or by air, although still animals were used to transport goods.
Inbetween (1970 and 1975) A.D, road development policy for development ofhighways and feeder roads were developed. From (1999 to 2001) A.D, 20 yearsmaster plan of department of road was made.
3.2 Current statusAsalready mentions in the introduction, basically Nepal is depending on twotransportation system i.e. roadways and airways.
Nepal is a landlocked country,so due to the high mountains, hills and deep valleys, building of roads in suchplaces is very difficult. As a result, yak, ponies, sheep are still used tocarry goods to the mountains. Maharjan (n.d) has observed that ‘Nepal is a least developed country. The country isplanning to graduate to the status of a developing country by 1966 A.D. Thereis no harm in harbouring such a noble idea. But just thinking of reaching therank of a developing country will not lead the country anywhere.
What importantare concrete plans and their honest implementation’. It has been six decadesthat Nepal is being undertaking the developmental plans. Six decades is a verylong period as many countries in Asia have made a great progress during thisperiod. But the main problem is Nepal government that it does not give priorityto roads and transportation. For example, the current situation of roads andother transportation in Kathmandu valley is more than enough to show howcareless is the government and related authority in terms of development ofroads. Due to the lack of proper maintenance roads are full of potholes.
Thereare still some places in the country that are difficult of access due to thelack of transportation. Consequently, the product of one place is running wastewhereas other is facing scarcity. Therefore, thepresent condition of the roads and transportation of Nepal is an example of anunbalanced and poor road transportation system but if comparing with the pastyears, definitely it has been getting better.3.3 FutureconsequencesTherewill be the impact on environment, society as well as in economy of the countrydue to roads and transportation system of Nepal.
Nepal’s first source of incomeis tourism. But due to the difficulty to access, many tourists are decreasingday by day which will directly affect in the economy of country. There are someplaces where government have to airlift food grains and other commodities. Ifsuch needs are not fulfilled then starvation will start up and there will bethe great loss on society. There are some roads in the rural areas which arenot still pitched. Nevertheless, it will be the reason to increase the airpollution which is not good for environment. 4. ConclusionOverall,it is concluded that the government facing the trend of development and achallenges concern to transportation is the main issue of this report.
Nevertheless, this research has come up with mixed results of roads andtransportation condition in Nepal. 5. Recommendation Recommendation for the situation is that,for the rural transportation development, concern planning and constructionbudget should be allocated. The government only makes plan and later on theyforget about their strategy.
Therefore, the government must act strongly toimplement their policy at any cost. The government should place the roads andtransportation in the first priority. The government along with its developmentplanner and other stakeholder should formulate development plan in such a waythat all the areas of the country will connect with each other.
Proper roadconnectivity will surely stimulates the development of other sectors leading tooverall national development. Only then country will achieve their goals andleads to success.