1. Everest: Everest, the highest mountain in the world, is located on the Nepal-China border. In May 29, 1953, Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay reached the summit of the Everest. Everest is the most climbed mountain above 8,000 m.
2. K2: Lying on the Pakistan-China border, K2 is the second highest mountain in the world. K2 is known as the Savage Mountain. K2 has second- highest fatality rate among the eight-thousanders. K2 has never been climbed during the winter time due to unpredictable avalanches. K2 was first climbed on 31 July 1954 by Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni.3.
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Kanchanjungha: Kanchanjunga, third-highest in the world, lies on the Indo-Nepal border. It is the easternmost of the eight-thousanders. The mountain is the second-least climbed of the eight-thousanders. Kanchanjunga is 8,586m (28,169 ft) high. The first summit of Kanchanjungha was on 25 May 1955 by George Band and Joe Brown. 4.
Lhotse: Lhotse, the fourth highest mountain in the world, measures the height of 8,516m (27,940ft). It is situated on the Indo-Nepal border. It is one of the most popular of the eight-thousanders due to its striking contours.
Both Makalu and Everest share the same route as far as the camp four. Lhotse is often climbed immediately after an Everest summit. Lhotse was first climbed on 18 May 1956 by Fritz Luchsinger and Ernst Reiss. 5. Makalu: Makalu, the fifth highest mountain in the world, lies on Nepal-China border. Makalu is 8,485 m (27,838 ft) high.
Makalu peak is shaped like a pyramid. It is situated just 22km east of Everest in the Khumbu region. It is notorious for steep pitches and knife-edged ridges. The first summit of Makalu was on 15 May 1955 by Jean Couzy and Lionel Terray.6. Cho Oyu: Cho Oyu, the sixth highest mountain in the world, is the easiest eight-thousander to the summit. The mountain is taken as the “mock exam” for Everest. The height measures 8,201 m (26,906ft).
It lies on the Nepal-China border. Cho Oyu is the second most frequently climbed mountain after Everest itself. It was first ascended on 19 October, by Joseph Joechler, Pasang Dawa Lama and Herbert Tichy. 7.
Dhaulagiri I: Dhaulagiri I, the 7th highest mountain in the world, is entirely located in North-western Nepal. It elevates 8,167 m (26,795 ft). It was first climbed on 13 May 1960 by Kurt Diemberger, P. Diener, Pasang Dawa Lama, Nima Dorje, Ernst Forrer and Albin Schelbert.8. Manaslu: Manaslu, the eighth highest mountain in the world, is entirely located in West-central Nepal. The height of Manaslu is 8,163m (26,781 ft). It was first ascended on 9 May 1956 by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu.
Mt. Manaslu is generally approachable from all directions.9.
Nanga Parbat: Nanga Parbat, located in Pakistan, is the 9th highest mountain in the world. It is the westernmost eight-thousander. It is 8,128 m (26,660 ft) high .The first summit was made on 3 July, 1953 by Hermann Buhl. It is the third most dangerous 8,000m peak after Annapurna and K2. The killer mountain had 77% of death rate before 1990.10.
Annapurna I: Annapurna I, the 10th highest mountain in the world, is located in North-central Nepal. The height of Mt. Annapurna is 8,091 m (26,545 ft). It is the most dangerous of the eight-thousanders having 33.5% of the death rate. It was the first 8,000m peak ever climbed. The first summit was made on 3 June 1950 by Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal. Mt.
Annapurna is the least (191 summits) ascended eight-thousander. 11. Gasherbrum I: When it was first spotted during the Great Trigonometric Survey of India, it was initially called K5. It is often referred as “Hidden Peak” due to its remoteness. Gasherbrum scales 8,080 m (26,444 ft) high.
It is the Second highest mountain in the Karakoram Range. The first summit was made by P.K. Schoeing and A.J. Kauffman on 4 July 1958.12. Broad Peak: Broad Peak has a summit ridge over 1.
5 km long, hence the name Broad Peak. It is located along the western Baltoro glacier between K2 and Gasherbrum IV. It lies on Pakistan–China border. It was first ascended on 9 June 1957 by M. Schmuck, F.
Wintersteller, K. Diemberger, H. Buhl (Austrian). The broad peak is climbed by less technically-skilled mountaineer wishing to climb Mt.
K2. Broad Peak measures 8,051 m ( 26,414 ft) high.13. Gasherbrum II: It is located in the Karakoram mountain range of the Himalayas on the Pak-China border. Gasherbrum II has some pretty impressive neighbors with Broad Peak, Gasherbrum I and the formidable giant of K2 seemingly within touching distance.
Gasherbrum II is 8,035 m (26,362 ft) high. The first ascent was made on 7 July 1956 by an Austrian climber Fritz Moravec.14. Shishapangama: Shishapangam, located in China, is 8,027 m ( 26,335 ft) high.
The first ascent was made on 2nd May 1964 by Hsu Ching and a team of 9 Chinese nationalities. It is ascended 302 times till date.