1        Is the Web Influencing The Operating System??? ACase Study Hafiz Muhammad Azeem Sarwar2017(F)-MS-CS-19Department of Computer Science& Engineering, Universityof Engineering and TechnologyE-mail –[email protected] Muhammad Usman Javed2017(F)-MS-CS-27Department of Computer Science& Engineering, Universityof Engineering and TechnologyE-mail – [email protected] —————————————————————-ABSTRACT—————————————————————– In the last ten years usage of internet has beenadopted on a very large scale. Internet in this manner specially the Web haschanged the way how individuals consider utilizing PCs in their everyday life.

  Two terminologies have gained popularitythese days in this regard i.e. Cloud Computing and Web OS.  Web OS is a new form of Operating Systemthrough which you can manage your data virtually from anywhere in the world. Onthe other hand. Cloud Computing is a new advancement in the field of IT which isfacilitating the users by reducing the dependency on platform compatibility.

Inthis modern era people are shifting towards Web from traditional Operatingsystem. In this review paper, a glance is presented that how Web has affectedthe traditional OS and a critical analysis has been presented about differentaspects of Web OS and Cloud Computing. I.                   INTRODUCTIONWeb is therising platform of this era. It’s a sequence of interlinked hypertext filesplaced on Internet servers, which contain textual content, pictures, videos andvarious other resources.

Web and Internet are two compulsory terms for eachother which are commonly used together. Operating systems (OS) are experiencingbrilliant modifications with rapid era advancements. Initially operatingsystems were designed in such a way that they may meet basic requirements ofthe users, however as time passes user requirements have modified and aren’t restrainedto local device programs or services.

In order to satisfy user needs, Web OSand Cloud computing has been developed to meet the today’s demanding situations Formerly, traditional OS had thecapability to fulfill the demands of a single user, however with the passage oftime and with the advancements and improvement of recent technology it hasadopted the strength of performing a set of duties at a time, and as a resultOS accelerated itself in a way that it may be accessed with the useful resourcesover the internet ultimately through Web to execute any software program. This isthe place from where the concept of Web OS arose. ANOVERVIEW OF WEB OS Web Operating System can bedescribed as a Web desktop which can also be described as virtual desktopfollowing the cloud computing methodology.

It includes a desktop environment withapplications and system. It can be accessed     portable devices and smartphones.  Web OS is designed as a dispensedmachine. The Web OS framework enables a new paradigm for Internet services. WebOS purpose is to offer a platform which lets in the person to benefit from thecomputational potential supplied by the Web. It’s aimed is to make to be had toall sites of the community sources to execute computations for which nearbyresources are lacking The kernel of a Web OS node is amachine, a reactive machine responding to requests from users or system. A WebOS-node integrates person, server, and programs. It is able to supplying a setof services, that can pass directly to each different request when suitable.

Again, because of Web is dynamically changing, there exist a few warehousesthat related to the Web OS node provide the necessary statistics and additivesforassembly asked services. Each WebOS node is using its own warehouses to shop and constantly update data aboutthe node and available services and resources. ANOVERVIEW OF CLOUD COMPUTING Cloud is a simplified OperatingSystem walking on a Web browser presenting get entry to a spread of Web basedapplications that allow the consumer to perform many easy duties withoutbooting a complete-scale Operating System. The Operating System is designed forMobile Internet Devices and PCs which are particularly used to browse the Internet.

From cloud the consumer can speedy boot into the principle OS, due to the factCloud      continues booting the main OS inthe heritage. Cloud computing is something or/and the whole thing in on-line.Online is all in Cloud Computing. Cloud Computing is all based totally onInternet. Cloud computing refers to a machine in online in which offerings areintroduced over the Internet. Anybody can get entry to thru Internet into cloudcomputing international. Cloud computing is referred to as Internet basedtotally computing, with shared resources, software and facts is supplied tocomputer systems and different devices. Cloud Computing is a computing whereinservices and software are supplied over the Internet which may be veryreasonably-priced and low cost.

Cloud computing is a generation that uses thenet and imperative far off servers to preserve statisticsand packages. Cloud computinglets in consumers and companies to use applications without installation andget right of entry to their private documents at any laptop withnet get admission to. Example ofcloud computing is http://www.salesforce.com, Yahoo mail or Google mail and soon. Clients does not want software or a server to use them. The server andemail management software program is all over the Internet and is absolutelymanaged by the cloud service provider Yahoo, Google and so on. The client receivesto apply the software program on my own and enjoy the advantages.

Cloudcomputing is on call for get admission to virtualization.  IT resources which might be used outside ofclient personal statistics middle, shared by others, easy to apply, paid for viamonthly subscription which is very low in cost, and accessed over the Web withmany functions in it. The primary concept of cloud computing is the usage ofsoftware via the Internet in place of putting in it. Cloud Computing defines asoftware that manages collections of infrastructure as an Operatingsurroundings created in aconsumer’s laptop from an internet utility stored on the cloud and run via a Webbrowser.

 LITERATUREREVIEW The increase in use of internetsubsequently the Web has modified the conventional view of operating system.The key concept is to move the working gadget to Web without dependency ofplatform and device so that the users can get entry into it without difficultyfrom anywhere. Web OS is the use of Web packages massively like from far areaswith having the facility accessing record structures, emails, Web basedprocessing, and communication means. Web OS is similar to traditional workingdevice as Web applications are accessed by Web browsers which uses it as aninterface It can be remotely accessed through browser with different URL’s Web OS is platform independentworking machine which gets rid of compatibility problems of Web programs andconventional computer working systems.

The identical program runs on homewindows, Mac, or Linux with net and Web access and does not require anyhardware drivers. Web OS has variations inside its structure.     As time passes, using Webpackages rises and it will increase the demand for facts and applications to bestored on cloud.The effect of virtualization onoperating device is that now user isn’t based of a single operating systeminstead of it, they are able to use more than one operating systems of theirchoice. The effect of cloud computing that cloud base users, have access to theprograms via browser.

They haven’t any need of running device simply need torun the browser. Memory, disc space, and different sources are shared throughcloud gadget. Virtualization generation allows a PC or a server to run a coupleof working machine or more than one classes of single operating system on theequal time.

This permits customers to position variety of programs going forwalks even folks who are on special operating device. That’s why this method isutilized in enterprise to optimize the usage of hardware. This enables us touse many operating systems on a single gadget.Now this is the need of time toshift the traditional OS to Web OS as the technology is emerging and now thepeople want that they can access their applications remotely. The OS has becomevery much salable, reliable and platform independent because of the adoption ofWeb. Their performance has progressed a lot as one can easily identify the variationsof operating system for desktop as well as for Web.

 ADVANTAGESOF WEB OS • Web strolling system can run onany device or pc that has a web connection. This facilitates those individualswho don’t have any personal computer or device so that they have the easinessof working from different places of work, faculties and internet cafes.  • In Web OS user can work fromany to be had computer, dependency on one physical laptop is ended • Web OS can run on multiplepersonal computers, so this results in the collaboration of many workingstations located at different places • In Web OS users save their dataon the servers of other companies, this helps in accessing of this data fromanywhere and this also prevents loss of data and information • Web OS customers don’t want totake backup of their information as it is being executed at internet server.

 • One of the most vitalcapabilities of Web OS is that it operates without dependency of platform, thisgets rid of the compatibility issues of operating hardware, same Web OS may berun on Mac, Windows or Linux device • Data and applications in Web OSare save on server at one essential place which may be monitored and securedfrom one element, this allows in higher malware safety.       Disadvantagesof Web OS • Network problems are verycommon in Web OS like bandwidth issues and latency restrictions. Traditional OSis independent of these issues • Extra processing is required inWeb OS as it runs on the internet browser. This extra processing includes powerdemand and additional processing of different peripherals  • Security issues are there inWeb OS as local cache is used with the web browser while working with the WebOS, the information may be accessed by the hackers and unauthorized persons • Number of Web OS applicationsare very limited as compared to the traditional OS applications • In Web OS applications do notoffer the features that users tend to follow in traditional OS applications •There are many users which donot want that their data may reside at third party servers. Many people refrainto put their data on Web servers Solutionsfor Challenges faced by Web OS Web primarily basedrunning device may be based totally on disbursed set of servers instead ofsingle server, this will offer redundancy to address any trouble that arises inthe server and additionally helps greatly in shifting programs closer tocustomers which ends up in lowering latency troubles. Beside this more and morepackages should be advanced for Web working machine so that users can feelrelaxed with Web OS.

Developers have to be endorsed to expand applications forWeb OS and this will be executed via making Web OS platform open supply.  Moreover, with a view toadopt Web OS at wide level high overall performance community connectivityought to be maintained so that users don’t feel any hassle to attach Webservers. Moreover, vendors of Web OS must make their users feel extra comfy andthey must expand the believe of customers by means of making strong regulationsregarding confidentiality of data saved on Web servers. TheThree Most Common Services of Cloud Computing  A cloud can collaboratewith user in a combined bag of courses, with capacities called services. Acrossthe internet, three essential kinds of services have emerged,                       Fig.

1.  Cloud solutions based on the system’sdeployment and service model.                                      Fig. 2. Service model of Cloud: (a) Software as a service (SaaS), (b)Platform as a Service (PaaS), and (c) Infrastructure as a service (IaaS).                          SERVICESOF WEB OS PROVIDES: Web OS provides:Calendars,E-mail,File management,Games,Instant messaging programs,Photo,Video and audio editing programs,Spreadsheet programs,Word processing programs etc.

  Cloud Operating Systems: A new incarnation of an older idea Cloud Operating Systems aredesigned to run a single utility with only one Virtual Machine: accordingly agreat deal of the capability in a standard reason operating machine is simplyremoved. This could be executed at once on hardware, in effect requiring thatevery language runtime is ported to one of a kind hardware environments. Thisis one of the costly proposition, which has constrained adoption of the CloudOperating System until now. However, an idealized and tightly controlledhardware environment inside the VM that may be used immediately by means of alanguage runtime.  The cloud is amore fault-tolerant and flexible operating system than its predecessors. Thesetwo advantages derive from the cloud’s two hallmark features: it is both virtualizedand distributed. Because it’s virtualized, failing hardware can be upgraded orswapped out, and virtual processes can be migrated to new machines with littleend-user impact.

Because it’s distributed across thousands of commodity boxes,services’ compute and bandwidth needs can be scaled up or down, and diskstorage limitations are almost an anachronism.  In other ways, thecloud raises new challenges, or rather returns us to the pre-PC era ofclient-server relations. If the cloud is a more powerful mainframe, thentoday’s clients are more intelligent than the dumb terminals of the past. Thenew clients are smart phones, tablets, and modern web browsers, whose localcaching and compute capabilities are the essence of rich, responsive applications.But managing state between client and server, and across different classes ofclients, introduces complexity for developers.  EXAMPLESOF WEB OPERATING SYSTEM http://www.Beta.


org/http://www.amoebaos.org/ TECHNOLOGIES USED IN CLOUD COMPUTING AND WEB OS The WEB OS is fully written inJavascript, exclusively using DHTML techniques to run in any web browserwithout any additional software installation needed.    The system implements a modern kindof web application model, excessively using Ajax for communicating betweenclient components and the Java server backend in an exclusively asynchronousmanner. While the goal of a Web OS is toprovide an experience similar to using a desktop OS, there are no hard and fastrules for how to make that happen.

The two most popular approaches rely onFlash technologies or Asynchronous JavaScript and XML (AJAX) technologies.    CONCLUSION With the passage of time, as Webgrows, it leads toarchitectural changes in runningstructures and hence shifted the running hardware to Web, cloud and cell from conventionalrunning structures, minimizing the platform dependency and virtualization ofresources.  One factor is for sure and that isour reliance at the cloud will now not be reduced by this evolution, howeveralternatively tightened, optimistically making a much less painless computingexperience foranybody. With high-quality effectsand effective remarks, cloud computing is genuinely set to form our destiny.  However, we wonder if the lack ofoffline capability might hinder its adoption since most of the time PC userstake their machine overseas where Internet access may be spotty or expensive.Still, there is about many years to go to take full advantages of Web basedoperating systems   REFERENCES  http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1100451 www.ijana.in/papers/V7I5-4.pdf www.iarjset.com/upload/2015/january/IARJSET8.pdf www.ijcrd.com/files/vol_1_issue_2/1361.pdf http://www.sci-int.com/pdf/15644638011%20a%20225-230-Zain%20Tahir-IT–UET–LAHORE.pdf https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs11227-016-1825-5.pdf https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs10796-012-9376-7.pdf https://dada.cs.washington.edu/smt/papers/os.pdf https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1609/1609.01107.pdf    


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