1) INTRO:The book I’m doing is The Autobiography of Malcolm X. Now, those of you who don’t know who Malcolm X was, he was the minister and spokesman for the Nation of Islam.This book is about Malcolm’s whole life and was originally published in 1964, a year before he was killed. It focuses on important details of his life such as how his family and him faced racism in America and how he transformed himself into a new person after going to prison, leading to his conversion to Islam. SUMMARY: Malcolm was born in Nebraska.He was the seventh child out of the nine his father had. His family later moved to michigan where his father was killed but his father’s death was considered a suicide. Malcolm X then started to steal food when his family had nothing to eat.  his mother had a mental breakdown since she couldn’t handle all the kids by herself which led white supremacists to send his mother to a mental asylum. Malcolm’s custody was then given to one of his Sisters, leading him to move to Boston. In Boston , Malcolm met a guy who got him addicted to drugs. When Malcolm didn’t have money to buy drugs, he started stealing.One day he ended up getting caught and getting sentenced to 10 years in prison. In prison, he got inspired by a man to convert to Islam and after getting out of prison, a couple of years later, he became the minister of the Nation of Islam. He then changed his Last name  to “X” because his ancestors were given his previous last name by a white slave owner. RECOMMENDATIONS:I would recommend this book since Malcolm X was one of the most influential figures in the 20th century and since this book shows the struggles he went through. This book is told in Malcolm’s point of view which makes it better to understand what he actually went through and makes it more interesting. It’s also very inspiring since it shows an important lesson which is how one person can have a huge impact on your life, since in the book it shows how, when Malcolm went to prison, he met a person who he was so inspired by, that he had a new purpose in life which was to inspire others, he later decided he wanted to change himself and get rid of the drug addiction. And after he got out of prison, he was a completely different person. 2)BACKGROUND DETAILS: – Malcolm’s personality was influenced by his experiences since at a young age, he started stealing when his family had no food to eat or a house to live in after his father was killed. -his dream was to become a lawyer and he did very well at school-One of his white teachers told him that he should give up his dream just because he was     black. This affected him and he started getting bad grades.-His temper in the first few years of jail was really bad – He was called Satan because of his anti religious attitude3)MAJOR CONFLICTS: (1) The first, most important conflict was when Malcolm went to prison for stealing. After he went to Prison, he met a man who completely changed his life. Malcolm was inspired to convert to Islam even though he was no a religious person at all and said that it would change his life which it did. It impacted his life since he decided to quit stealing and doing drugs. After he got out of Prison he met with The leader of the Nation of Islam and soon became the Minister and was known by everyone in America. (2) The second conflict was when Malcolm was six, and his father was killed. His father was killed by white supremacists but they declared it as suicide even though it wasn’t. This impacted his life because after his father died, his family had no money which got him into the habit of stealing since his family needed food. Because of this habit, Malcolm stole again in the future when wanted money for drugs which caused him to go to prison. (3) The third conflict was when a group of White supremacists burned down his house in Michigan. His whole family was forced to rely on welfare. This impacted Malcolm since this was when he realized that black people had no respect in America and if he wanted respect, he had to earn it.                                                                                   4)WRITING STYLE: -The point of view in the book was first person, so in Malcolm’s point of view which makes it feel like the reader is listening to his thoughts.-There is use of slang when Malcolm goes to the ghetto side of the town Roxbury and meets drug addicts, where he himself gets addicted to drugs and starts stealing. After that, he starts using slang words himself. “…man gimme some skin! I’m from lansing…”(pg-53) “…with some other studs…” (pg-53)-The tone was blunt and serious which made it feel like he was sharing his thoughts. “I have rarely talked about my mother, for I believe that I am capable of killing a person, without hesitation…”(pg-27)-Structure:  The book has 19 chapters, and each chapter shows how he changes throughout his life.-This book is written in journal style since its in his point of view and shows what he went through or what he was thinking. Every sentence is the book starts with “me” “my” or “I” proving its in first person “When my mother was pregnant with me…”(pg-3). -There is also past tense used in the book. Its shown when Malcolm refers back to his past and how mother tried to talk him out of stealing food for his family. ” I remembered well how my mother asked me why i couldnt be a nice boy like wilfred, but i would think to myself that wilfred, for being so nice and quiet, often stayed hungry. So early in life, I had learned that if you want something, you had better make some noise”   5)THEME:1) One theme shown throughout the book is that Self transformation can be challenging, but it is possible when one learns to embrace every challenge as an opportunity in their life. This theme is shown in chapter 19 when Malcolm says “You may be shocked by these words coming from me. But on this pilgrimage, what I have seen, and experienced, has forced me to rearrange much of my thought-patterns previously held, and to toss aside some of my previous conclusions. This was not too difficult for me. Despite my firm convictions, I have been always a man who tries to face facts, and to accept the reality of life as new experience and new knowledge unfolds it…”   This was when Malcolm goes to Mecca to an Islamic pilgrimage where for the first time, he encountered the racial diversity within Islam. He was amazed to see light skinned people treating him as an equal. He saw in the behavior of Muslims towards each other a remarkable absence of racial prejudice. This experience taught Malcolm that people of different races could coexist and transformed him into a new person since, like he said, the experience forced him to rearrange his thought patterns and toss aside his previous conclusions about all white people dehumanizing other races.The teachings of the Nation of Islam that he received in Mecca brought about a further change in both his character and his view of white people. He simultaneously abandoned his wild past and embraced the challenges he faced.2) Another  theme shown throughout the book is that humanity is a necessary right that shouldn’t be based on a person’s identity, especially not one’s skin colour. This theme is shown in chapter 19 when Malcolm writes a letter to Elijah Muhammad, saying “I’ve had enough of someone else’s propaganda…I’m for truth no matter who tells it. Im for justice, no matter who it is for or against. I’m a human being first and foremost, and as such, I’m for whoever and whatever benefits humanity as a whole” In the autobiography, Malcolm X shows how black people are treated as objects and how the racism towards malcolm and his family degrades them. This leads to Malcolm’s aspiration to fix the propaganda and fight for Racial Equality. Malcolm later visits mecca and sees people that are white-skinned who don’t treat him like the white people did in America. This is when he begins to realize that there is humanity in many individuals and that him or any person of colour doesn’t deserve to be treated as less human than white people.


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