1. INTRODUCTION:

The South African
residents  lay out the various methods of
protest common to South Africa,  which
include mass meetings; drafting of memoranda; petitions; toyi-toying;
processions; stay-always; election boycotts; blockading of roads; construction
of barricades; burning of tyres; looting; destruction of buildings; chasing
unpopular individuals out of townships; confrontations with police and forced
resignation of elected officials. As a result the
study will focus on the impact of violent protest on poor service delivery in
Bhambayi, Inanda. The social protests over service delivery issues, such as
housing; water and sanitation have become a daily phenomenon in South Africa.

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The South African government has experienced a range of protests
against poor service delivery on the part of government departments,
especially in municipalities. In spite of the promised “better life
for all” by the government in 1994 (Manala, 2010). The rise of service
delivery protest across the country (South Africa) has to a large extent raised
concerns not only about sustainability of democracy, but about the 20 years of
democracy. The violent protest on service delivery impacted
on various sectors such as the social, political and economic. The Inanda township, specifically in Bhambayi, is one of the undeveloped
areas where the violent protest on service delivery erupted from 2010.

According
to the South African Police Service (SAPS) Incident Registration Information
System (2014), police officers were deployed to monitor a total of 12 399
crowd-related events (34 incidents a day, on average) between April 2012 and
March 2013. Most of these were public gatherings that had been given permission
in terms of the Regulation of Gatherings Act 205 of 1993.
However, as many 1 882 (15%) of these gatherings turned violent, resulting in 3
680 arrests.

There are various contributing factors protests which led to
violent protest in South Africa. The dissatisfaction of service delivery,
unfulfilled promises, corruption and nepotism in local government and the fact
that the voices of the people are not being heard, then the community decided
to use a forceful approach in addressing their demands.
The primary reason was the dissatisfaction with poor service delivery of basic
municipal services such as running water and sanitation; electricity and
toilets, especially in informal settlements.

The
high levels of poverty, poor infrastructure, and the lack of houses add to the
growing dissatisfaction in Bhambayi and other nearest poorest communities. The violent protest have left so many families without
breadwinners, for instance in places such as Marikana (North West) and Finksburg
(Free State), where people died fighting for the poor service delivery in their
respective communities and left unemployed wives with children. This have
impacted  negatively on families as most
are breadwinners at their homes and this normally lead to children dropping out
from schools, teenage pregnancy and involvement into criminal activities.
Therefore the researcher will focus much on identifying and describing the
economic, social and political impact on violent protest on service delivery in
Bhambayi.

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